Social Flux and Disaster Management: An Essay on the Construction of an Indonesian Model for Disaster Management and Reconstruction
Yoshimi Nishi and Hiroyuki Yamamoto
Associate Professor, Center for Integrated Area Studies, Kyoto University, Sakyo-ku, Shimoadachimachi 46, Kyoto-shi, Kyoto 606-8501, Japan
To understand the socially rooted measures in disaster management and reconstruction, we studied Indonesia as amodel fromthe perspective of social flux, by incorporating the latest knowledge in this field. Characteristically, in Indonesian society, people move so frequently that it is difficult for information or knowledge to accumulate; their living and occupational forms are constantly in flux. Because of these characteristics, supporters and local residents of Indonesia have devised a variety of measures for effective disaster management, humanitarian assistance, and reconstruction. However, such measures have often not been positively evaluated – they have been viewed as an immature response of Indonesian society. In this paper, we have positively reviewed the various measures taken in response to the Indian Ocean tsunami of 2004, the Java earthquake of 2006, and the West Sumatra Earthquake of 2009 in order to construct an Indonesian model of disaster management and reconstruction from the perspective of social flux. We hope the proposed model will also prove effective in many other parts of the world.
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