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JDR Vol.6 No.4 pp. 381-389
(2011)
doi: 10.20965/jdr.2011.p0381

Review:

Ebola and Marburg Viruses

Eri Nakayama and Ayato Takada

Research Center for Zoonosis Control, Hokkaido University, Kita-20, Nishi-10, Kita-ku, Sapporo, Hokkaido 001-0020, Japan

Received:
January 30, 2011
Accepted:
March 28, 2011
Published:
August 1, 2011
Keywords:
Ebola virus, Marburg virus, filovirus, Hemorrhagic fever, biosafety level 4
Abstract

Ebola and Marburg viruses, members of the filovirus family, cause severe hemorrhagic fever in human and nonhuman primates and are classified as biosafety level 4 agents. No effective filovirus-specific prophylaxis or treatment is yet commercially available. Filovirus species vary genetically, with one in the Marburg virus group and five in the Ebola virus group. Epidemiological efforts to prevent outbreaks lie mainly in identifying natural animal reservoirs. Increasingly frequent outbreaks in Africa and concerns about bioterrorism and imported cases in nonendemic areas point to the importance of public health in two ways – finding strategies to control disease outbreak and developing effective vaccines and drugs.

Cite this article as:
Eri Nakayama and Ayato Takada, “Ebola and Marburg Viruses,” J. Disaster Res., Vol.6, No.4, pp. 381-389, 2011.
Data files:
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