Implementation Technology for a Disaster Response Support System for Local Government
Michinori Hatayama* and Shigeru Kakumoto**
*Disaster Prevention Research Institute, Kyoto University, Gokasho, Uji, Kyoto 611-0011, Japan
**Tokyo Institute of Technology, 4259 Nagatsuta, Midori-ku, Yokohama 226-8502, Japan
Through experience with disaster and recovery support activities obtained as a result of Great Hanshin Earthquake, a research group composed of a support activity staff that includes the authors has been developing and studying implementation processes of an information system, a system that can be used by local governments and their surrounding communities immediately after a disaster. The Risk-Adaptive Regional Management Information System (RARMIS) concept is an outcome of these activities. In the concept for disaster risk management, an information system has been proposed that has three features: (1) continuity between emergency and routine use, (2) independence and decentralization, and (3) integrated space and time information. In this paper, the operational issue (1) is focused on and the importance of the implementation process is shown. Finally, two case studies are presented to qualitatively evaluate implementation processes of integrated temporal GIS.
-  “An Integrated Framework on Urban Disaster Countermeasures Based on the Hyogoken-Nambu (Kobe) Japan Earthquake of January 17,” 1995
-  S. Kakumoto, M. Hatayama, H. Kameda, and T. Taniguchi, “Development of Disaster Management Spatial Information System (DiMSIS),” Proc. GIS’97 Conf., pp. 595-598, 1997.
-  M. Hatayama, F. Matsuno, S. Kakumoto, and H. Kameda, “Development of Rescue Support System and its Application to Disaster Drill in Nagata Ward, Kobe City –For Realizing Risk-Adaptive Regional Management Spatial Information System (2)–,” GIS’99 Conference Proceedings, pp. 175-178, 1999.
-  M. Hatayama, K. Kakumoto, and H. Kameda, “Development of Dynamic Management Spatial-temporal Information System –Application for Temporal Analysis of Census Data–,” GIS2001 Conference CD-ROM, 2001.
-  N. Okada and M. Hatayama, “Social Implementation Process of Information Technology in A Mountainous Community in Japan,” Proceedings of the 4th Global Research Village Conference, 2002.
-  N. Okada and Kasology, “A Missing Research Perspective in Sustainable Regional Management – Challenges Started from Japan,” In Gerlind Weber (Ed.), Zukunftsperspektiven von Raumplanug und Landlicher Neuordnung, Wien, Institut fur Raumplanung und Landliche Neurordung an der Universitat fur Boldenkultur.
-  MCEER, “MCEER’s Resilience Framework,” 2006,
[accessed on Oct. 2010].
-  M. Hatayama, “Qualitative Evaluation on Social Implementation Process of Integrated GIS to Local Governments And Regional Communities,” Proc. of 11th Int. Conf. on Computers in Urban Planning and Urban Management, CD-ROM, 2009.
This article is published under a Creative Commons Attribution-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.