single-dr.php

JDR Vol.5 No.5 pp. 591-600
(2010)
doi: 10.20965/jdr.2010.p0591

Paper:

Requirements and Verification Methodology for the Design Performance of Tsunami-Hinan Buildings (Temporary Tsunami Refuge Building)

Shinji Yagi* and Yuji Hasemi**

*AXS SATOW Inc., 2-10-12 AXS Bldg. Yokoami, Sumida-ku, Tokyo 130-0015, Japan

**Department of Architecture, Waseda University, 3-4-1 55th Bldg. Ookubo, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 169-8555, Japan

Received:
May 23, 2010
Accepted:
August 19, 2010
Published:
October 1, 2010
Keywords:
tsunami refuge buildings, tsunami depth, tsunami arrival time, evacuation period in a building, refugee number within a given time
Abstract

With the increasing possibility of large offshore earthquakes in Japan, the government is considering whether middle to high-rise structures could be used as temporary tsunami refuge buildings. This report presents a recent study on refuge-process modeling within such buildings and their utility seen through parametric analysis. Analysis showed a strong dependence of refuge effectiveness on the time when evacuation start and building occupancies. Design guidelines are proposed to improve evacuation performance for different types of occupancy.

Cite this article as:
Shinji Yagi and Yuji Hasemi, “Requirements and Verification Methodology for the Design Performance of Tsunami-Hinan Buildings (Temporary Tsunami Refuge Building),” J. Disaster Res., Vol.5, No.5, pp. 591-600, 2010.
Data files:
References
  1. [1] “Tsunami Evacuation Buildings Guidelines,” Committee on Tsunami Evacuation Building Examination, Cabinet Office, Government of Japan, 2005.6.
  2. [2] T. Saito and Hiroshi Kagami, “Simulation of Evacuation Behavior from Tsunami Utilizing multi-agent System: A Case Study of Aonae,” Okushiri island, J. Archit. Plan. AIJ, No.597, pp. 229-234, 2005.11.
  3. [3] D. Ohata, N. Takai, and H. Kagami, “Spacial Evacuation of Tsunami Refuge Facilities in the Center Kushiro city: Simulation of Evacuation Behavior from Tsunami Utilizing multi-agent System part 2,” J. Archit. Plan. AIJ, No.612, pp. 87-91, 2007.2.
  4. [4] H. Goto, E. Harada, Y. Maruyama, K. Takahashi, and K. Oba, “Contribution Crowd Refuge Simulator to Town Planning against Tsunami Flood,” J. of Coastal Engineering, Vol.55, pp. 1371-1375, 2008.
  5. [5] Building Center of Japan, “Research Report on the Tsunami Hinan Buildings,” 2005.3.
  6. [6] Building Center of Japan, “Technical Study Report on the Tsunami Hinan Buildings,” 2006.3.
  7. [7] A. Ook and N. Tanaka, “A Sstudy of Tsunami Rrefuge Building that Assumed the Refuge of Weak People in the Disaster : A Case Study of Aki city, Kochi,” J. Archit. Plan. AIJ, No.641, pp. 1523-1529, 2009.7.
  8. [8] K. Tosshitaka, N. Kuwasawa, M. Kanai, and K. Hosoi, “Disarster Education for Owase Citizen by using Tsunami Senario Simulator and Evaluation that Method,” SOCIOTECHNICA, Sociotechnology Research Network, Vol.2, pp. 199-208, 2004.
  9. [9] K. Watanabe and M. Kondo, “Development of Tsunami Evacuation Simulation Model to Support Community Planning for Tsunami Disaster Mitigation,” J. Archit. Plan. AIJ, 74(637), pp. 627-634, 2009.3.30.
  10. [10] S. Kato, T. Simozono, and A. Okayasu, “Hybrid Simulation for Tsunami Evacuation in Consideration of Individual Behaviors,” J. of Civil Engineering B2 (Coastal Engineering) (Trans. of JSCE), Vol.B2-65, No.1, pp. 1316-1320, 2009.
  11. [11] H. Yashiro, S. Nishikawa, and T. Chinoi, “A Case Study on Drawing up a Plan for Evacuation in Tsunami at Community Level,” Architectural Institute of Japan J. of Technology and Design No.19, pp. 359-364, 2004.6.
  12. [12] “New Fire Protection Design Guidelines (Technical Guide),” BCJ, 1995.
  13. [13] “2001 Comments on verification methodology of safe evacuation and some examples of calculation,” MLIT, BRI, BCJ, et al, 2001.3.
  14. [14] S. Tsuchiya, S. Moriyama, Y. Hasemi et al., “Experimental Characterization of Upward Evacuation on Stairs of Tsunami Hinan (temporary refuge) Buildings Part 1,” Summaries of Technical Papers Annual Meeting of Architectural Institute of Japan 2006, E-1, pp. 905-906, 2006.9.
  15. [15] S. Moriyama, S. Tsuchiya, Y. Hasemi et al., “Experimental Characterization of Upward Evacuation on Stairs of Tsunami Hinan (temporary refuge) Buildings Part 2,” Summaries of Technical Papers Annual Meeting of Architectural Institute of Japan 2006, E-1, pp. 907-908, 2006.9.

*This site is desgined based on HTML5 and CSS3 for modern browsers, e.g. Chrome, Firefox, Safari, Edge, Opera.

Last updated on Apr. 13, 2021