Strategic Disaster Reduction Planning with Government Stakeholder Collaboration – A Case Study in Nara and Kyoto, Japan
Norio Maki*, Keiko Tamura**, and Haruo Hayashi*
*Research Center for Disaster Reduction Systems (DRS), Disaster Prevention Research Institute (DPRI), Kyoto University, Gokasho, Uji, Kyoto 611-0011, Japan
**Research Center for Natural Hazards and Disaster Recovery, Niigata University, 8050 Ikarashi 2-no-cho, Nishi-ku, Niigata 950-2181, Japan
Japan’s central government sets strategic disaster reduction goals against mega earthquake disasters such as the Tokai-Tonankai-Nankai, and Tokyo metropolitan area earthquakes. These goals focus on mortality and economic loss, and many other local governments are now working on their own related plans. In order to accomplish national goals of disaster reduction, efforts by local stakeholders to build community resilience are, in fact, indispensable. So it is necessary to develop disaster reduction planning schemes involving both local and national stakeholders in order to comply with national disaster reduction goals. This paper discusses strategic disaster reduction planning with stakeholder involvement. Case studies were done in the Nara and Kyoto prefectural governments.
-  C. Hoch, (Ed.) “The Practice of Local Government Planning,” third edition, International City/County Management Association, 2000.
-  R. Hester, “Community Design Primer,” Ridge Times Press, 1990.
-  Hengjian Lu et. al., “Human Causalities due to urban earthquake,” Proceedings of 12th World Conference on Earthquake Engineering, No.1104, CD-ROM, 2000.
-  N. Maki et. al., “Development of Disaster Reduction Planning Framework for Asia-Pacific Region: Case Study in Marikina City, Metro Manila, Philippines,” Proceedings of 13th World Conference on Earthquake Engineering, Paper No.1503, CD-ROM, 2004.
-  N. Maki, et. al., “Action Plans for Disaster Reduction based on Strategic Planning Framework; Contents and Planning Process of Disaster Reduction Plans in Prefecture Governments,” Journal of Social Safety Science, No.8, pp. 197-206, 2006a (in Japanese).
-  N. Maki et al. “How Visions of Stakeholders on Recovery and Reconstruction Compiled into a Plan? Recovery and Reconstruction Planning in Ojiya City,” Proceeding of the 2nd Asia Conference on Earthquake Engineering, CD-ROM, 2006b.
-  N.Maki et. al., “Development of Strategic Disaster Reduction Planning Scheme with Stakeholder Involvement; Tools for Performance Measure Setting,” Proceedings of 14th World Conference on Earthquake Engineering, Paper No.09-01-0015, CD-ROM, 2008.
-  Marikina City, “Disaster Management Handbook,” City Government of Marikina, 2007.
-  Chris D. Poland, “Commentary on Building Disaster Resilient Community,” Journal of Disaster Research, Vol.5, No.2, pp194-196, 2010.
-  San Francisco Planning and Urban Research Association, SPUR, “The Resilient City,” 2010,
-  J. Surowieki, “The Wisdom of Crows, Anchor,” 2005.
This article is published under a Creative Commons Attribution-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.