Strategic Disaster Reduction Planning with Government Stakeholder Collaboration – A Case Study in Nara and Kyoto, Japan
Norio Maki*, Keiko Tamura**, and Haruo Hayashi*
*Research Center for Disaster Reduction Systems (DRS), Disaster Prevention Research Institute (DPRI), Kyoto University, Gokasho, Uji, Kyoto 611-0011, Japan
**Research Center for Natural Hazards and Disaster Recovery, Niigata University, 8050 Ikarashi 2-no-cho, Nishi-ku, Niigata 950-2181, Japan
Japan’s central government sets strategic disaster reduction goals against mega earthquake disasters such as the Tokai-Tonankai-Nankai, and Tokyo metropolitan area earthquakes. These goals focus on mortality and economic loss, and many other local governments are now working on their own related plans. In order to accomplish national goals of disaster reduction, efforts by local stakeholders to build community resilience are, in fact, indispensable. So it is necessary to develop disaster reduction planning schemes involving both local and national stakeholders in order to comply with national disaster reduction goals. This paper discusses strategic disaster reduction planning with stakeholder involvement. Case studies were done in the Nara and Kyoto prefectural governments.
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