JDR Vol.5 No.1 pp. 45-53
doi: 10.20965/jdr.2010.p0045


Spatial Exposure Analysis on Tokyo Metropolitan Earthquake Disaster

Shingo Suzuki and Haruo Hayashi

Disaster Prevention Research Institute (DPRI), Kyoto University, Gokasho, Uji, Kyoto 611-0011, Japan

September 16, 2009
December 17, 2009
February 1, 2010
exposure, critical infrastructure protection, Tokyo metropolitan earthquake, common operational picture, geographic information analysis
An anticipated Tokyo metropolitan earthquake is expected to cause enormous damage due to its high population, building, and infrastructure concentration — an occurrence further causing significant social and economic loss due to its highly concentrated government and economic functions. Taking a general view of this potential disaster, we calculate socioeconomic and critical infrastructure exposure andmap their distribution to quantify this exposure and its concentration in affected regions.
Cite this article as:
S. Suzuki and H. Hayashi, “Spatial Exposure Analysis on Tokyo Metropolitan Earthquake Disaster,” J. Disaster Res., Vol.5 No.1, pp. 45-53, 2010.
Data files:
  1. [1] The Headquarters for Earthquake Research Promotion, “Evaluation of Occurrence Potentials or Subduction-Zone Earthquakes.”
  2. [2] Central Disaster Management Council, “Website of Expert Panel on Tokyo Metropolitan Earthquake Disaster Management.”
  3. [3] Earthquake working group, expert panel on Tokyo Metropolitan Earthquake Disaster Management, “Report of Earthquake Working Group, 12th Meeting Resume of Expert Panel on Tokyo Metropolitan Earthquake Disaster Management,” 2004.
  4. [4] Cabinet Office, “The Result of Direct Damage Assessment, 13th Meeting Resume of Expert Panel on Tokyo Metropolitan Earthquake Disaster Management,” 2004.
  5. [5] Cabinet Office, “The Result of Damage Assessment, 15th Meeting Resume of Expert Panel on Tokyo Metropolitan Earthquake Disaster Management,” 2005.
  6. [6] Central Disaster Management Council, “Countermeasure Outline Against Tokyo Metropolitan Earthquake,” September 2005.
  7. [7] Central Disaster Management Council, “Earthquake Disaster Management Strategy of Tokyo Metropolitan Earthquake,” April 2006.
  8. [8] United Nations, “World Urbanization Prospects The 2007 Revision, Executive Summary,” Feb. 26, 2008.
  9. [9] N. Nojima, M. Kuse, M. Sugito, and Y. Suzuki, “Population Exposure to Seismic Intensity for Assessment of Seismic Disaster Potential,” J. JSNDS, 23-3, pp. 363-380, 2004 (in Japanese).
  10. [10] N. Nojima, M. Sugito, M. Kuse, and G. Hamamoto, “Realtime Evaluation of Population Exposure to Seismic Intensity Using Seismic Intensity Information Network,” J. of Social Safety Science, Vol.06, pp. 181-190. 2004.
  11. [11] N. Nojima, M. Kuse, and M. Sugito, “Population Exposure to Seismic Intensity by Recent Earthquakes (2000-2005) in Japan and Its Correlation with Building Damage and Human Casualty,” J. JSNDS, 25-2, pp. 165-182, 2006.
  12. [12] S. Koshimura, M. Takashima, S. Suzuki, H. Hayashi, F. Imamura, and Y. Kawata, “Estimation of Possible Tsunami Disaster Potential within the Indian Ocean,” Annual J. of Coastal Engineering, JSCE, Vol.52, pp. 1416-1420, 2005.
  13. [13] Y. Kawata, “Urban Major Disasters,” Kinmiraisha, 233p, (in Japanese).
  14. [14] The White House, “Exective Order EO 13010,” Critical Infrastructure Protection, Jul.15, 1996.
  15. [15] The White House, “The National Strategy for the Physical Protection of Critical Infrastructures and Key Assets,” 2003.
  16. [16] Geographical Survey Institute, “Digital Map 50 m Grid (Elevation).”
  17. [17] Geographical Survey Institute, “Digital Elevation Model 5 m Grid.”
  18. [18] Statistical Information Institute for Consulting and Analysis, “Mesh statistics data of the 2000 population census.”
  19. [19] Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism, “Download Service of Homeland Digital Information,”
  20. [20] Geographical Survey Institute, “Base Map Information,”
  21. [21] Statistics Bureau, Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications, “Mesh Statistics Data of the 2001 Establishment and Enterprise Census,”
  22. [22] JapanMeteorological Agency, “Relation Between Seismic Intensity and Damage,”
  23. [23] S. Midorikawa and K. Fujimoto, “Relationship between the JMA Instrumental Seismic Intensity and Damage Ratios of Wooden Houses Based on Damage Survey Data of Local Governments,” J. of Japan Association for Earthquake Engineering, Vol.2, No.2, 2002.
  24. [24] Cabinet Office, “The Method of Disaster Assessment of Tokyo Metropolitan Earthquake, 15th Meeting Resume of Expert Panel on Tokyo Metropolitan Earthquake Disaster Management,” 2005.
  25. [25] Geographical Survey Institute, “2007 Area of all prefectures in Japan.”
  26. [26] Y. Kawata and H. Hayashi, “The Countdown for Giant Earthquake Disaster — Disaster Management Strategy for Tokai, Tonankai and Nankai Earthquake,” Tokyo Horei Publishing, 280p. 2009.
  27. [27] K. Wakamatsu, “Liquefaction-Induced Damage During Near-Field Earthquakes in the Tokyo Metropolitan Area,” J. of Geography, 116(3/4), pp. 480-489, 2007.
  28. [28] H. Hayashi, Y. Kawata, N. Maki, B. P. Baird, K. Tamura, K. Shigekawa, S. Tanaka, K. Iwasaki, Y. Haraguchi, and S. Nagamatsu, “U.S, Emergency Responses Following the 2005 Hurricane Katrina Disaster,” J. of Social Safety Science, No.8, pp. 225-233, 2006.
  29. [29] Central Disaster Management Council, “Damage Assessment of Tokyo Metropolitan Earthquake (Overview),”

*This site is desgined based on HTML5 and CSS3 for modern browsers, e.g. Chrome, Firefox, Safari, Edge, Opera.

Last updated on Apr. 22, 2024