single-dr.php

JDR Vol.3 No.2 pp. 131-141
(2008)
doi: 10.20965/jdr.2008.p0131

Review:

Impacts of Recent Climate Change on Flood Disaster and Preventive Measures

Hideo Oshikawa*, Akihiro Hashimoto*, Kenichi Tsukahara**,
and Toshimitsu Komatsu*

*Department of Urban and Environmental Engineering, Kyushu University, 744 Motooka, Nishi-ku, Fukuoka 819-0395, Japan

**Foundation for Riverfront Improvement and Restoration, 1-8 Ichibancho, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 102-0082, Japan

Received:
Novenver 27, 2007
Accepted:
December 27, 2007
Published:
April 1, 2008
Keywords:
river flood, abnormal rainfall, dam, driftwood, Kyushu area
Abstract

This paper examines flood disasters caused by climate change focusing on two floods occurring on Japan’s southwest island of Kyushu during record precipitation exceeding 1,000 mm. Our examination results emphasize the urgent necessity of implementing dam measures to prevent serious dam accidents at all costs and adequate action against driftwood and other waste materials to prevent them from interfering in dam operation. Changes in natural weather and other patterns, e.g., heavy rainfalls 1,900 mm recorded in the Miyazaki Prefecture during Typhoon 14 in 2005 and 1,200 mm in the Kagoshima Prefecture Sendai River basin in five days of torrential rain in 2006, have made it clear that conventional measures for coping with such occurrences are no longer adequate. Just 300 mm of precipitation during Typhoon 10 in 2003, for example, triggered catastrophic results in Hokkaido, where heavy rainfall rarely occurs and there is non immunity against 300 mm rainfall. Since global warming and its attendant influences are expected to continue and to bring condition of non immunity against an increased potential of disaster to whole country, the need for better knowledge and ideas on disaster prevention are urgently required.

Cite this article as:
Hideo Oshikawa, Akihiro Hashimoto, Kenichi Tsukahara, and
and Toshimitsu Komatsu, “Impacts of Recent Climate Change on Flood Disaster and Preventive Measures,” J. Disaster Res., Vol.3, No.2, pp. 131-141, 2008.
Data files:
References
  1. [1] IPCC Fourth Assessment Report (AR4), February, 2007.
  2. [2] P. J.Webster, G. J. Holland, J. A. Curry, and H.-R. Chang, “Changes in Tropical Cyclone Number, Duration, and Intensity in a Warming Environment,” Science, Vol.309, pp. 1844-1846. 2005.
  3. [3] Kyushu Electric Power Co., Inc., “Data on the Field Observations of the mountainside in the Mimi River Basin (from September 20 to 24),” October 6, 2005a (in Japanese).
  4. [4] SABO Publicity Center, “Sediment disasters occurring everywhere by the Typhoon 0514,” October 17, 2005 (in Japanese).
  5. [5] K. Inoue, T. Mori, T. Itou, and Y. Kabeyama, “Outbursts and disasters of Takaisoyama and Hose Landslide dams (1892) in East Shikoku,” Journal of the Japan Society of Erosion Control Engineering, Vol.58, No.4, pp. 3-12 2005 (in Japanese).
  6. [6] Y. Taniguchi, T. Uchida, H. Omura, H. Ochiai, M. Kaibori, T. Kubota, K. Sasahara, T. Jitousono, O. Shimizu, E. Shimokawa, H. Terada, Y. Teramoto, H. Hiura, and S. Yoshida, “Sediment disasters caused by typhoon Nabi (T0514) in September, 2005,” Journal of the Japan Society of Erosion Control Engineering, Vol.58, No.4, pp. 46-53. 2005 (in Japanese).
  7. [7] Y. Satofuka, K. Yoshino, T. Mizuyama, K. Ogawa, T. Uchikawa, and T. Mori, “Prediction of floods caused by landslide dam collapse,” Annual Journal of Hydraulic Engineering, JSCE, Vol.51, pp. 901-906. 2007(in Japanese).
  8. [8] R. B. Jansen, “Dams and Public Safety,” U.S. DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR, Water and Power Resources Service. 1980.
  9. [9] Kyushu Electric Power Co., Inc., “A catalogue of the maximum flow intake and the maximum outflow discharge of the dams in the Mimi River Basin,” personal communication. 2005b (in Japanese).
  10. [10] K. Hasegawa, T. Araya, T. Ogawa, S. Kikuchi, M. Kuroki, T. Komatsu, H. Saga, Y. Shimizu, O. Shimizu, H. Suzuki, Y. Suzuki, G. Tanaka, H. Tanaka, S. Tohma, M. Nakatsugawa, S. Hatta, Y. Murakami, T. Yamashita, T. Yamada, Y. Watanabe, Y. Watanabe, and M. Fujita, “An Outline of Heavy Rainfall Disasters in Hidaka Region, Hokkaido, by Tyhoon No. 10, 2003,” Annual Journal of Hydraulic Engineering, JSCE, Vol.49 (1), pp. 427-432. 2005 (in Japanese).

*This site is desgined based on HTML5 and CSS3 for modern browsers, e.g. Chrome, Firefox, Safari, Edge, Opera.

Last updated on Jun. 08, 2021