JACIII Vol.28 No.2 pp. 255-264
doi: 10.20965/jaciii.2024.p0255

Research Paper:

Greeting Gesture Classification Using Machine Learning Based on Politeness Perspective in Japan

Angga Wahyu Wibowo*,† ORCID Icon, Kurnianingsih** ORCID Icon, Azhar Aulia Saputra* ORCID Icon, Eri Sato-Shimokawara* ORCID Icon, Yasufumi Takama* ORCID Icon, and Naoyuki Kubota* ORCID Icon

*Tokyo Metropolitan University
6-6 Asahigaoka, Hino, Tokyo 191-0065, Japan

Corresponding author

**Politeknik Negeri Semarang
Jl. Prof. H. Soedarto, SH Tembalang, Semarang, Indonesia

July 25, 2023
October 4, 2023
March 20, 2024
greeting, gesture, culture, bowing, waving hand

Understanding traditional culture is important. Various methods are used to achieve better cross-cultural understanding, and certain researchers have studied human behavior. However, behavior does not always represent a culture. Therefore, our study aims to understand Japanese greeting culture by classifying it through machine learning. Following are our study contributions. (1) The first study to analyze cultural differences in greeting gestures based on the politeness level of Japanese people by classifying them. (2) Classify Japanese greeting gestures eshaku, keirei, saikeirei, and waving hand. (3) Analyze the performance results of machine and deep learning. Our study noted that bowing and waving were the behaviors that could symbolize the culture in Japan. In conclusion, first, this is the first study to analyze the eshaku, keirei, saikeirei, and waving hand greeting gestures. Second, this study complements several human activity recognition studies that have been conducted but do not focus on behavior representing a culture. Third, according to our analysis, by using a small dataset, SVM and CNN methods provide better results than k-nearest neighbors (k-NN) with Euclidean distance, k-NN with DTW, logistic regression and LightGBM in classifying greeting gestures eshaku, keirei, saikeirei, and waving hand. In the future, we will investigate other behaviors from different perspectives using another method to understand cultural differences.

Cite this article as:
A. Wibowo, Kurnianingsih, A. Saputra, E. Sato-Shimokawara, Y. Takama, and N. Kubota, “Greeting Gesture Classification Using Machine Learning Based on Politeness Perspective in Japan,” J. Adv. Comput. Intell. Intell. Inform., Vol.28 No.2, pp. 255-264, 2024.
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