single-jc.php

JACIII Vol.28 No.1 pp. 79-85
doi: 10.20965/jaciii.2024.p0079
(2024)

Research Paper:

Investigating Emotional Impressions in Robots Using Clothing Colors

Takashi Sugiyama* and Masayoshi Kanoh** ORCID Icon

*Graduate School of Engineering, Chukyo University
101-2 Yagoto Honmachi, Showa-ku, Nagoya, Aichi 466-8666, Japan

**School of Engineering, Chukyo University
101-2 Yagoto Honmachi, Showa-ku, Nagoya, Aichi 466-8666, Japan

Received:
May 18, 2023
Accepted:
August 10, 2023
Published:
January 20, 2024
Keywords:
clothing colors, interactive robots, HRI, human symbiotic robots
Abstract

Expressing emotions is essential for ensuring smooth communication between people. In the context of human-robot symbiosis, robots are also required to express emotions. Although one method of robot emotion expression involves using LEDs or other forms of light to display colors, considering the possibility of expressing emotions through clothing colors is also necessary. In this study, we developed a simple robot called the “Tilting Robot,” which only performs simple tilting motions to investigate whether changes in the robot’s clothing color would affect the expressed emotions. In the experiment, participants were divided into two groups: motion and posture groups. The motion group was shown videos of the robot’s motion whereas the posture group was shown still images of the robot’s posture. The results showed that the red clothing in the posture group significantly expressed anger, whereas the blue clothing in the motion group significantly expressed sadness. The rating for blue clothing was 4.04 ± 1.30, which was near “undecided.” This suggests that blue clothing does not necessarily intensify the emotion of sadness, but other clothing colors may weaken its expression. The rating for red clothing was 2.86 ± 1.06, which was lower than “undecided.” This suggests that red clothing may not express anger, but could give an impression of vitality.

Effect of robot clothing color

Effect of robot clothing color

Cite this article as:
T. Sugiyama and M. Kanoh, “Investigating Emotional Impressions in Robots Using Clothing Colors,” J. Adv. Comput. Intell. Intell. Inform., Vol.28 No.1, pp. 79-85, 2024.
Data files:
References
  1. [1] E. A. Butler et al., “The social consequences of expressive suppression,” Emotion, Vol.3, No.1, pp. 48-67, 2003. https://psycnet.apa.org/doi/10.1037/1528-3542.3.1.48
  2. [2] K. Choi and K. Arai, “Relationship between regulation of negative emotional expression, satisfaction of friendship, and mental health,” The Japanese J. of Educational Psychology, Vol.46, No.4, pp. 432-441, 1998 (in Japanese). https://doi.org/10.5926/jjep1953.46.4_432
  3. [3] J. J. Gross and O. P. John, “Individual differences in two emotion regulation processes: Implications for affect, relationship, and well-being,” J. of Personality and Social Psychology, Vol.85, No.2, pp. 348-362, 2003. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.85.2.348
  4. [4] S. Balzarotti et al., “Individual differences in cognitive emotion regulation: Implications for subjective and psychological well-being,” J. of Happiness Studies, Vol.17, No.1, pp. 125-143, 2016. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10902-014-9587-3
  5. [5] S. Sugano and T. Ogata, “Emergence of mind in robots for human interface – research methodology and robot model,” Proc. of the IEEE Int. Conf. on Robotics and Automation, Vol.2, pp. 1191-1198, 1996. https://doi.org/10.1109/ROBOT.1996.506869
  6. [6] T. Ariyoshi, K. Nakadai, and H. Tsujino, “Effect of facial colors on humanoids in emotion recognition using speech,” 13th IEEE Int. Workshop on Robot and Human Interactive Communication (RO-MAN 2004), pp. 59-64, 2004. https://doi.org/10.1109/ROMAN.2004.1374730
  7. [7] K. Terada, A. Yamauchi, and A. Ito, “Artificial emotion expression for a robot by dynamic color change,” 21st IEEE Int. Symp. on Robot and Human Interactive Communication (2012 IEEE RO-MAN), pp. 314-321, 2011. https://doi.org/10.1109/ROMAN.2012.6343772
  8. [8] R. Plutchik, “Emotions and Life: Perspectives from Psychology, Biology, and Evolution,” American Psychological Association, 2003.
  9. [9] D. Löffler, N. Schmidt, and R. Tscharn, “Multimodal expression of artificial emotion in social robots using color, motion and sound,” Proc. of the 2018 ACM/IEEE Int. Conf. on Human-Robot Interaction (HRI’18), pp. 334-343, 2018. https://doi.org/10.1145/3171221.3171261
  10. [10] K. V. Hindriks, M. Hagenaar, and A. L. Huckelba, “Effects of robot clothing on first impressions, gender, human-likeness, and suitability of a robot for occupations,” 2022 31st IEEE Int. Conf. on Robot and Human Interactive Communication (RO-MAN), pp. 428-435, 2022. https://doi.org/10.1109/RO-MAN53752.2022.9900771
  11. [11] J. Hurtienne and D. Arnold, “The naked truth?,” Companion of the 2020 ACM/IEEE Int. Conf. on Human-Robot Interaction (HI’20), pp. 269-271, 2020. https://doi.org/10.1145/3371382.3378362
  12. [12] K. Yoshiwara and K. Kobayashi, “Effect on user impression of robot’s task dependent uniform,” Proc. of the 5th Int. Conf. on Computer-Human Interaction Research and Applications (CHIRA 2021), Vol.1, pp. 90-97, 2021. https://doi.org/10.5220/0010684500003060
  13. [13] A. Ben-Ze’ev and K. Oatley, “The intentional and social nature of human emotions: Reconsideration of the distinction between basic and non-basic emotions,” J. for the Theory of Social Behaviour, Vol.26, No.1, pp. 81-94, 1996. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-5914.1996.tb00287.x
  14. [14] K. M. B. Bridges, “Emotional development in early infancy,” Child Development, Vol.3, No.4, pp. 324-341, 1932.
  15. [15] K. Lorenz, “Die angeborenen Formen möglicher Erfahrung [The innate conditions of the possibility of experience],” Zeitschrift für Tierpsychologie, Vol.5, No.2, pp. 235-409, 1943 (in German). https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-0310.1943.tb00655.x
  16. [16] D. Wiedemann et al., “Red clothing increases perceived dominance, aggression and anger,” Biology Letters, Vol.11, No.5, Article No.20150166, 2015. https://doi.org/10.1098/rsbl.2015.0166
  17. [17] M. Kato and T. Yamashita, “Effects of colors on emotional recognition from facial expressions by line drawing,” J. of Japan Society for Fuzzy Theory and Intelligent Informatics, Vol.28, No.2, pp. 576-582, 2016 (in Japanese). https://doi.org/10.3156/jsoft.28.576
  18. [18] M. H. Davis, “A multidimensional approach to individual differences in empathy,” JSAS Catalog of Selected Documents in Psychology, Vol.10, pp. 85-103, 1980.
  19. [19] T. Himichi et al., “Development of a Japanese version of the interpersonal reactivity index,” The Japanese J. of Psychology, Vol.88, No.1, pp. 61-71, 2017 (in Japanese). https://doi.org/10.4992/jjpsy.88.15218
  20. [20] J. A. Russell, “A circumplex model of affect,” J. of Personality and Social Psychology, Vol.39, No.6, pp. 1161-1178, 1980. https://doi.org/10.1037/h0077714

*This site is desgined based on HTML5 and CSS3 for modern browsers, e.g. Chrome, Firefox, Safari, Edge, Opera.

Last updated on Jul. 12, 2024