JACIII Vol.23 No.1 pp. 42-51
doi: 10.20965/jaciii.2019.p0042


TSV Manufacturing Fault Modeling and Diagnosis Based on Multi-Tone Dither

Yuling Shang*, Min Tan*, Chunquan Li**,***,†, and Liyuan Sun*

*School of Electronic Engineering and Automation, Guilin University of Electronic Technology
1 Jinji Road, Guilin, Guangxi 541004, China

**School of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering, Guilin University of Electronic Technology
1 Jinji Road, Guilin, Guangxi 541004, China

***Guangxi Key Laboratory of Manufacturing System & Advanced Manufacturing Technology
Guilin 541004, China

Corresponding author

June 14, 2018
September 7, 2018
January 20, 2019
fault diagnosis, multi-tone dither test, TSV, electrical model of manufacturing fault, multi-tone signal
The multi-tone dither complex test excitation used to diagnose TSV manufacturing faults

The multi-tone dither complex test excitation used to diagnose TSV manufacturing faults"," providing as much information as possible about the presence"," the location and the geometrical characteristics of faults

The faults in through-silicon via (TSV) have a critical impact on the reliability and yield of a three-dimensional integrated circuit (3-D IC). With the significant increase in the number of TSVs used in 3-D IC, the testing of TSVs for manufacturing faults poses certain serious challenges especially weak fault testing, and therefore it is important to have effective Design-For-Test (DFT) techniques. In this paper, we present a method for TSV testing using multi-tone dither signal, based on electrical characteristic analysis. This method mainly observes the differences in the root mean square (RMS) value of the output signal voltage between faultless and faulty TSV circuits to detect manufacturing faults, and uses only passive components such as metal lines, without consuming additional power for the testing. With regard to the common manufacturing faults such as voids and pinholes, the electrical characteristics of faulty TSVs are modeled and analyzed, and analytic equations of the faults, which are based on characteristic parameters, are explored. The ground-signal-TSV (GS-TSV) equivalent electrical model with manufacturing faults is simulated and tested by using a multi-tone dither test signal, which is generated by modulating an RF signal with an optimized multi-tone signal. The peak-to-average ratio (PAR) is used as the test evaluation parameter to determine the type and size of the fault. The simulation results demonstrate the effectiveness of the multi-tone dither test method in the detection of voids (as low as ohm level) and pinholes (up to mega ohm level). It is obvious that this method performs better in the diagnosis of weak manufacturing faults in TSVs.

Cite this article as:
Y. Shang, M. Tan, C. Li, and L. Sun, “TSV Manufacturing Fault Modeling and Diagnosis Based on Multi-Tone Dither,” J. Adv. Comput. Intell. Intell. Inform., Vol.23 No.1, pp. 42-51, 2019.
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Last updated on Jun. 05, 2023