Proposed Traffic Light Control Mechanism Based on Multi-Agent Coordination
Satoshi Kurihara*, Ryo Ogawa*, Kosuke Shinoda*, and Hirohiko Suwa**
*The University of Electro-Communications
1-5-1 Chofugaoka, Chofu, Tokyo 182-8585, Japan
**Nara Institute of Science and Technology (NAIST)
8916-5 Takayama-cho, Ikoma, Nara 630-0192, Japan
Traffic congestion is a serious problem for people living in urban areas, causing social problems such as time loss, economical loss, and environmental pollution. Therefore, we propose a multi-agent-based traffic light control framework for intelligent transport systems. Achieving consistent traffic flow necessitates the real-time adaptive coordination of traffic lights; however, many conventional approaches are of the centralized control type and do not have this feature. Our multi-agent-based control framework combines both indirect and direct coordination. Reaction to dynamic traffic flow is attained by indirect coordination, whereas green-wave formation, which is a systematic traffic flow control strategy involving several traffic lights, is attained by direct coordination. We present the detailed mechanism of our framework and verify its effectiveness using simulation to carry out a comparative evaluation.
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