Paper:

# Multi-Channel Information Operations on Quantum Images

## Bo Sun^{*}, Abdullah M. Iliyasu^{*,**}, Fei Yan^{*},

Jesus A. Garcia Sanchez^{*}, Fangyan Dong^{*}, Awad Kh. Al-Asmari^{**},

and Kaoru Hirota^{*}

^{*}Hirota Lab., Department of Computational Intelligence and Systems Science, Tokyo Institute of Technology, G3-49, 4259 Nagatsuta, Midori-ku, Yokohama 226-8502, Japan

^{**}College of Engineering, Salman Bin Abdulaziz University, Al Kharj 11942, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Quantum circuits to realize color operations of channel of interest, channel swapping, and alpha blending on images are proposed using five kinds of quantum gates, i.e., NOT, CNOT, Toffoli, Rotation, and Controlled Rotation gates. Complexities of the proposed circuits are for an N-sized image, whereas the color information must be transformed pixel by pixel in the case of operators on classical computers. Simulations on the proposed three quantum color operations using three human facial and one Japanese style house images demonstrate that at most 9, 3, and 5 basic quantum gates are requested, that shows the feasibility of quantum circuits. Based on proposed three operations, all invertible classical color information transformation on imagesmay be designed and many applications can be realized on quantum computer, and the channel of interest based watermarking is being researched which the experiment results show that from the point of PSNR, our proposal is about 10 dB better than the chosen method of quantum image watermarking.

*J. Adv. Comput. Intell. Intell. Inform.*, Vol.18, No.2, pp. 140-149, 2014.

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