Introduction of Fixed Mode States into Online Reinforcement Learning with Penalties and Rewards and its Application to Biped Robot Waist Trajectory Generation
Seiya Kuroda*, Kazuteru Miyazaki**, and Hiroaki Kobayashi***
*Panasonic Factory Solutions Co., Ltd., 1375 Kamisukiawara, Showa-cho, Nakakoma-gun, Yamanashi 409-3895, Japan
**Research Department, National Institution for Academic Degrees and University Evaluation, 1-29-1 Gakuennishimachi, Kodaira, Tokyo 187-8587, Japan
***Department of Mechanical Engineering Informatics, Meiji University, 1-1-1 Higashimita Tama-ku, Kawasaki, Kanagawa 214-8571, Japan
During a long-term reinforcement learning task, the efficiency of learning is heavily degraded because the probabilistic actions of an agent often cause the task to fail, which makes it difficult to reach the goal and receive a reward. To address this problem, a fixed mode state is proposed in this paper. If the agent acquires an adequate reward, a normal state is switched to a fixed mode state. In this mode, the agent selects an action using a greedy strategy, i.e., it selects the highest weight action deterministically. First, this paper combines Online Profit Sharing reinforcement learning with the Penalty Avoiding Rational Policy Making algorithm, then introduces fixed mode states in it. The target task is then formulated, i.e., learning the modified waist trajectory of dynamically stable walking task based on the static stable walking of a biped robot. Finally, we present our simulation results and discuss the effectiveness of the proposed method.
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