Comparison of Keywords Freely Inputted by Users and the Compendium of “Keywords for Children,” Which is Programmed into the Book Searching System for Children
Takayuki Kawaura*, Jun Endo**, and YasukoDoi***
*Department of Mathematics, Kansai Medical University, 18-89 Uyamahigashi, Hirakata City, Osaka 573-1136, Japan
**Reading Support Section, Osaka Prefectural Central Library, 1-2-1 Aramoto-kita, Higashi Osaka-shi 577-0011, Japan
***International Institute for Children’s Literature, Osaka, 1-2-1 Aramoto-kita, Higashi Osaka-shi 577-0011, Japan
When children look for a book to read, they usually ask an adult to recommend something suitable. In many of such cases, librarians or teachers play an important role. It could also be parents or adults close to the children. The objective of the OPAC system provided in libraries is to offer a tool to help users to find books by themselves but it is not an easy system for children to use. In this study, we aim to construct a book searching system that is easy for children to use. To this end, we studied cases in which children used the book search engine “Adventure in the Sea of Books” we developed in 2002 for “International Institute for Children’s Literature, Osaka.” This is installed with “Subject Heading Lists for Children,” a system we uniquely developed to enable users to search a book by the title, author, or any words they can think of. In this study we will make a comparison between the keywords installed in “Subject Heading Lists for Children” and the index items which the users themselves inputted. This comparison will show what kinds of keywords are most requested by children, and lead to the development of a more userfriendly book searching system.
-  T. Kawaura, “Construction of the Book Search System on the Internet for the Children,” J. of Biomedical Fuzzy Systems Association, Vol.7, No.1, pp. 49-58, 2005.
-  E. Arai, “A study on inputting characters and themes of children’s books into the database and accessing to them – A case study of Kasukabe public library,” Libraries Today, Vol.28, No.2, pp. 98-105, 1990.
-  H. Sasaki, “Psychology of Picture Books,” Shinyosha, 2000.
-  H. Funahashi, “Address Book of Picture Books,” Hoseishuppan, 1998.
-  H. Terajima, “Statistical indices for selecting Japanese educational vocabularies – the characteristics of the likelihood ratio test, the χ2 test and Yates’ correction system –,” polyglossia, Vol.17, pp. 71-83, 2009.
-  H. Ikeda, “Statistics Guidebook,” Shinyosha, 1989.
-  T. Yanagawa, “Statistical Mathematics,” Kindai Kagaku sha Co., Ltd., 1990.
-  T. Dunning, “Accurate methods for the statistics of surprise and coincidence,” Computational Linguistics, Vol.19, No.1, pp. 61-74, 1993.
-  M. Utiyama, K. Chujo, E. Yamamoto, and H. Isahara, “A Comparison of Measures for Extracting Domain-Specific Lexicons for English Education,” J. of Natural Language Processing, Vol.11, No.3, pp. 165-198, 2004.
-  Y. Kimura, “Can You Do a Poo All By Yourself?,” Kaisei-Sha Ltd., 1989.
-  T. Gomi, “Everybody Does a Poo,” Fukuinkan Shoten Publishers Inc., 1981.
-  A childcare guidelines study group, “Nursery Center Childcare Guidelines,” Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare – Equal employment, children and families bureau, 2005.
-  T. Kawaura and J. Endo, “Comparison of the Two Kinds of Keywords entered in the Book Search Engine, “Children’s Adventure in the Sea of Books”; those selected from the fixed Subject Heading Lists and those entered by Users Themselves,” Proc. of 26th Fuzzy System Symposium, pp. 590-595, 2010.
-  T. Kawaura, J. Endo, and Y. Doi, “Inspection of Subject Heading Lists for Children in the Book Search Engine, “Children’s Adventure in the Sea of Books”,” Proc. of 2010 Japan Ergonomics Society Kansai Branch Annual Conf., pp. 193-196, 2010.
This article is published under a Creative Commons Attribution-NoDerivatives 4.0 Internationa License.