Virtual Social Experiment of Tram Railway Extension Using Multi-Agent-Based Traffic Simulator
Hideki Fujii, Takafumi Sakurai, and Shinobu Yoshimura
School of Engineering, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyoku, Tokyo 113-8656, Japan
The promotion of the use of public transportation is a means of solving traffic and environmental problems. In European countries, trams are a common means of public transportation. There are also some areas in Japan where new installations of trams or the extension of existing tram lines has been considered, but these plans cannot be implemented because their effects cannot be predicted. This study uses the traffic simulator MATES, which employs a multiagent model, to do a virtual social experiment on an Okayama City tram railway extension issue actually under discussion in Okayama Prefecture. It assesses the effect of a modal shift from cars to trams caused by the increase in convenience that the changes in the road structure and the extension in the railway would bring about.
-  K. Imao, “Tram – Proposal to future urban traffic,” Chikumashobo, 2001. (in Japanese)
-  K. Utsunomiya, “Tram Renaissance,” Shinchosha, 2003. (in Japanese)
-  M. Brackstone andM.McDonald, “Car-following: A Historical Review,” Transportation Research Part F, Vol.2, No.4, pp. 181-196, 1999.
-  Y. Hollander and R. Liu, “The Principles of Calibrating Traffic Microsimulation Models,” Transportation, Vol.35, No.3, pp. 347-362, 2008.
-  Japan Society of Traffic Engineers, “Traffic Simulations,” Maruzen, 2000. (in Japanese)
-  H. Fujii, Y. Nakama, and S. Yoshimura, “Development of Multi-Agent Based Traffic and Environmental SimulatorMATES : Second Report: Implementation of Pedestrian Agent and Comparison of Pedestrian-Car Interaction with Theoretical and Monitored Values,” Simulation, Vol.25, No.4, pp. 274-280, 2006. (in Japanese)
-  S. Yoshimura, “MATES: Multi-Agent Based Traffic and Environment Simulator – Theory, Implementation and Practical Application,” Computer Modeling in Engineering and Sciences, Vol.11, No.1, pp. 17-25, 2006.
-  S. Yoshimura, H. Nishikawa, and S. Moriyasu, “Development of Multi-Agent Traffic and Environmental Simulator MATES,” Simulation, Vol.23, No.4, pp. 228-237, 2004. (in Japanese)
-  S. Yoshimura, K. Seki, and H. Fujii, “Multi-agent based traffic simulation merging section,” Traffic Engineering, Vol.44, No.1, pp. 81-90, 2009. (in Japanese)
-  T. Kohashi, S. Bunya, H. Fujii, and S. Yoshimura, “Parallelization of Intelligent Multi-Agent Based Traffic and Environment Simulator MATES,” Trans. of JSCES, 2010:20100003, 2010. (in Japanese)
-  MATSim Development Team, “MATSim: Aims, approach and implementation,” 2007.
-  R. Jacob, M. Marathe, and K. Nagel, “A Computational Study of Routing Algorithms for Realistic Transportation Networks,” J. of Experimental Algorithmics, Vol.4, 1999.
-  J. Barceló and J. Casas, “Dynamic Network Simulation With AIMSUN,” Int. Symposium Proc. on Transport Simulation, 2002.
-  Quadstone Paramics Ltd., “Quadstone Paramics Car Following and Lane Changing Models Explained,” 2004.
-  RACDA, “Tram and City Planning,” Gakugei Shuppansha, 1999. (in Japanese)
-  RACDA, “RACDA News 22,” 2006. (in Japanese)
-  Executive Committee of Traffic Social Experiment in Okayama City, “Report of Traffic Social Experiment,” 2001. (in Japanese)
-  K. Sakai, “Effect of Transport Node Improvement,” NILIM Annual Report 2005, 2005. (in Japanese)
-  Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism, “Annual Report of Railway Statistics,” 2007. (in Japanese)
-  Japan Research Institute, “Guideline about Evaluation of Road Investment – 1. Economic Evaluation,” 1998. (in Japanese)
This article is published under a Creative Commons Attribution-NoDerivatives 4.0 Internationa License.