Virtual Social Experiment of Tram Railway Extension Using Multi-Agent-Based Traffic Simulator
Hideki Fujii, Takafumi Sakurai, and Shinobu Yoshimura
School of Engineering, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyoku, Tokyo 113-8656, Japan
The promotion of the use of public transportation is a means of solving traffic and environmental problems. In European countries, trams are a common means of public transportation. There are also some areas in Japan where new installations of trams or the extension of existing tram lines has been considered, but these plans cannot be implemented because their effects cannot be predicted. This study uses the traffic simulator MATES, which employs a multiagent model, to do a virtual social experiment on an Okayama City tram railway extension issue actually under discussion in Okayama Prefecture. It assesses the effect of a modal shift from cars to trams caused by the increase in convenience that the changes in the road structure and the extension in the railway would bring about.
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