Evaluation of Grinding Wheel Surface Shape on Difference Multiple Helical Dressing Condition
Gen Uchida*,, Takazo Yamada*, Kouichi Ichihara**, Makoto Harada**, Kohichi Miura***, and Hwa-Soo Lee*
*College of Science and Technology, Nihon University
1-8-14, Kanda-surugadai, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 101-8308, Japan
**Sumitomo Heavy Industries, Ltd., Yokosuka, Japan
***Nihon University Junior College, Funabashi, Japan
In the grinding process, a grinding wheel surface is a tool that is directly applied to the workpiece. As the condition of the grinding wheel surface is determined by its dressing conditions, the ability to accurately measure the grinding wheel surface with an applied dressing would enable the prediction of the ground surface characteristics of the workpiece as well as the determination of optimum dressing conditions. Recently, a new dressing method called the multiple helical dressing was proposed, which has led to improvements in the grinding performance. However, there is still no method to quantitatively evaluate the changes in the grinding wheel surface condition caused by multiple helical dressings. In this study, we measured the grinding wheel surface applied with multiple helical dressings using a so-called measured focus position recalculation method to determine whether we can quantitatively evaluate the measured dressing grooves generated on the grinding wheel surface by multiple helical dressings, and the resultant undulated grinding wheel surface shapes. We ground an actual workpiece to demonstrate the effects of changes in the grinding wheel surface shape due to multiple helical dressings on the ground surface of the workpiece. The experimental results show that our proposed measuring method can accurately measure the changes in the grinding wheel surface condition due to multiple helical dressings. We also proposed a method to evaluate the dressing grooves to prove that we can quantitatively evaluate the measurement results of dressing grooves generated by multiple helical dressings. In addition, we evaluated undulated grinding wheel surface shapes as its cylindricities by extracting only the undulation shapes generated by multiple helical dressings. Finally, we performed groove grinding with a grinding wheel applied with multiple helical dressings to reveal the relationship between the ground surface of the workpiece and the grinding wheel surface condition, which demonstrated the effectiveness of multiple helical dressings.
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