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IJAT Vol.11 No.4 pp. 572-582
doi: 10.20965/ijat.2017.p0572
(2017)

Paper:

Life Cycle Analysis of Emissions from Electric and Gasoline Vehicles in Different Regions

Kamila Romejko and Masaru Nakano

Graduate School of System Design and Management, Keio University
Collaboration Complex, 4-1-1 Hiyoshi, Kohoku-ku, Yokohama, Kanagawa 223-8526, Japan

Corresponding author

Received:
November 4, 2016
Accepted:
May 1, 2017
Online released:
June 29, 2017
Published:
July 5, 2017
Keywords:
production, electric vehicles, life cycle analysis, health issues, emissions
Abstract

Electric vehicles (EVs) are considered a promising technology to mitigate air pollution and resource depletion problems. The emissions from the manufacturing process can cause severe health problems like chronic asthma and even death. Automakers and policy makers need to investigate the lifecycle emissions of EVs in different regions and then governments should decide if it is safe to establish EV production facilities in their country or whether it is more appropriate to import finished products. The objective of this study is to evaluate the air pollutant emissions produced by EVs and gasoline vehicles (GVs) during their life cycles under two technology scenarios. Life cycle analysis (LCA) was applied to quantify greenhouse gas (GHG) and non-GHG emissions. We assessed air pollution from vehicles in Japan, China, and the United Kingdom (UK). Results indicate that EVs do not necessarily decrease pollutant emissions. EVs can improve air quality and reduce emissions in countries where electricity is derived from clean energy resources.

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Last updated on Sep. 20, 2017