single-au.php

IJAT Vol.8 No.5 pp. 653-663
doi: 10.20965/ijat.2014.p0653
(2014)

Paper:

Simulating the Formation of Urban Mines Considering the Rational Decisions of Distributed End-of-Life Stakeholders

Hitoshi Komoto, Shinsuke Kondoh, and Keijiro Masui

National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), 1-2-1 Naimiki, Tsukuba 305-8564, Japan

Received:
April 7, 2014
Accepted:
August 28, 2014
Published:
September 5, 2014
Keywords:
life cycle, urban mines, quantification, recycling, estimation
Abstract

Stakeholders engaged in the separation and refinement of laptop computers at the end-of-life are indispensable for the recycling of components such as batteries and printed circuit boards. Since the stakeholders are located in various geographical locations, whether they perform the operations or not influences how the urban mines of laptop computers are formed in terms of quantity and location. In this paper, a method for simulating the formation of the urban mines based on the rational decisions of end-oflife stakeholders is proposed. The system can simulate the formation considering the geographical distribution of the stakeholders as well as variations in the material composition of laptop computers across generations. This paper describes the architecture of the system and its data-preparation, simulation, and visualization processes, which are validated with a simulation model prepared with statistical information concerning used laptop computers. The system can simulate the formation of urban mines of various kinds of products if similar types of information presented in the laptop computer example data are prepared or hypothesized accordingly.

Cite this article as:
H. Komoto, S. Kondoh, and K. Masui, “Simulating the Formation of Urban Mines Considering the Rational Decisions of Distributed End-of-Life Stakeholders,” Int. J. Automation Technol., Vol.8, No.5, pp. 653-663, 2014.
Data files:
References
  1. [1] P. Chancerel, C. E. M. Meskers, C. Hagelueken, and V. S. Rotter, “Assessment of Precious Metal Flows During Preprocessing of Waste Electrical and Electric Equipment,” J. of industrial ecology, Vol.13, No.5, pp. 791-810, 2009.
  2. [2] K. Binnemans, P. T. Jones, B. Blanpain, T. V. Gerven, Y. Yang, A. Walton, and M. Buchert, “Recycling of rare earths: a critical review,” J. of cleaner production, Vol.51, pp. 1-22, 2013.
  3. [3] Y. Kishita, E. Kunii, S. Fukushige, Y. Umeda, and J. Fujimoto, “Scenario Analysis of Global Resource Circulation with Traceability Index Targeting Sustainable Manufacturing,” Int. J. of A. Technology, Vol.3, No.1, pp. 3-10, 2009.
  4. [4] M. Nanjo, “Urban mine, new resources for the year 2000 and beyond. Bulletin of the research institute of mineral dressing and metallurgy,” Tohoku University, Vol.43, No.2, pp. 239-251, 1988.
  5. [5] Ministry of the Environment, “Home Appliance Recycling Law,” Apr. 2001.
  6. [6] Ministry of the Environment, “Act on Promotion of Recycling of Small Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment,” Apr. 2013.
  7. [7] T. Nakamura, “Recycling of Small Domestic Appliances, Haikibusu shigen gakkaishi,” Vol.20, No.2, pp. 70-76, 2009. (in Japanese)
  8. [8] WEEE-Directive, “EU Directive 2002/96/EC, Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment,” 2003.
  9. [9] WEEE-Directive, “EU Directive 2012/19/EU, Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (recast),” 2012.
  10. [10] E. Yamasue, R. Minamino, I. Daigo, H. Okumura, and K. N. Ishihara, “Evaluation of total materials requirement for the recycling of materials (urban ore TMR) from end-of-life electric home appliances,” J. Japan Inst. Metals, Vol.74, No.12, pp. 811-819, 2010. (in Japanese)
  11. [11] R. Minamino, E. Yamasue, K. Nakajima, S. Murakami, H. Okumura, and K. N. Ishihara, “Evaluation of total materials requirement for the recycling of metallic materials and mixed-plastics (urban ore TMR) from laptop PC and mobile phone,” J. of Life Cycle Assessment, Japan, Vol.6, No.3, pp. 251-258, 2010. (in Japanese)
  12. [12] F. Wang, J. Huisman, A. Stevels, and C. P. Balde, “Enhancing ewaste estimates: Improving data quality by multivariate,” Waste Management, Vol.33, pp. 2397-2407, 2013.
  13. [13] S. V. Passel, M. Doubois, J. Eyckmans, S. D. Gheldere, F. Ang, P. T. Jones, and K. V. Acker, “The economics of enhanced landfill mining: private and societal performance drivers,” J. of cleaner production, Vol.55, pp. 92-102, 2013.
  14. [14] M. Rabe and M. Deininger, “State of Art and Research Demands for Simulation Modelling of Green Supply Chains,” Int. J. of Automation Technology, Vol.6, No.3, pp. 296-303, 2012.
  15. [15] M. Johansen, Y. Umeda, and T. Tomiyama, “Life cycle simulation for verifying sustainable model of products,” L. M. Camarinha-Motos, (Ed.), Re-Engineering for Sustainable Industrial Production, Chapman & Hall, pp. 247-258, 1997.
  16. [16] Y. Umeda, A. Nonomura, and T. Tomiyama, “A Study on Life-Cycle Design for the Post Mass Production Paradigm,” Artificial Intelligence for Engineering Design, Analysis and Manufacturing, Cambridge University Press, Vol.14, No.2, pp. 149-161, 2000.
  17. [17] H. Komoto and T. Tomiyama, “Design of Competitive Maintenance Service for Durable and Capital Goods Using Life Cycle Simulation,” Int. J. of Automation Technology, Vol.3, No.1, pp. 63-70, 2009.
  18. [18] T. Kumazawa and H. Kobayashi, “A simulation system to support the establishment of circulated business,” Advanced Engineering Informatics, Vol.20, No.2, pp. 127-136, 2006.
  19. [19] S. Takata and T. Sakai, “Modelling Product Returns Taking Sales Modes into Account,” Int. J. of Automation Technology, Vol.3, No.1, pp. 71-76, 2009.
  20. [20] H. Komoto, S. Kondo, and K. Masui, “Life cycle modeling and simulation of consumer products in context of the development of urban mines,” Proc. of EcoDesign 2013: 8th Int. Symp. on Environmentally Conscious Design and Inverse Manufacturing, December 4-6, 2013, Jeju, Korea, 2013.
  21. [21] Google, 2013, Google Geocoding API,
    https://developers.google.com/maps/documentation/geocoding/ [accessed on January 9, 2014].
  22. [22] Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications (2013), “e-Stat: Portal Site of Official Statistics of Japan,”
    http://www.e-stat.go.jp [accessed on September 20, 2013].
  23. [23] Ministry of Finance (2013), “Trade Statistics of Japan,”
    http://www.customs.go.jp/toukei/ [accessed on September 20, 2013].
  24. [24] Japan Electronics and Information Technology Industries Association (2013), “Domestic Shipments of Major Consumer Electronic Equipment,”
    http://www.jeita.or.jp/english/stat/ [accessed on September 20, 2013].
  25. [25] Council for Recycling of Small Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment,
    http://www.env.go.jp/recycle/recycling/raremetals/ [accessed on the August 10, 2014]. (in Japanese)
  26. [26] Japan Oil, Gas and Metals National Corporation (2012), “Mineral Resources Report.” (in Japanese)
  27. [27] PC 3R Promition Association, (2014), “Statistics on volume of reused or recycled personal computer by manufacturer,”
    http://www.pc3r.jp [accessed on August 11, 2014]. (in Japanese)
  28. [28] Ministry of Environment (2014), “Information about Act on Promotion of Recycling of Small Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment,”
    http://www.env.go.jp/recycle/recycling/raremetals/index.html [accessed on June 30, 20014].
  29. [29] L. Alting and J. B. Legarth, “Life cycle engineering and design,” CIRP Annals – Manufacturing Technology, Vol.44, No.2, pp. 569-580, 1993.
  30. [30] Y. Umeda, S. Takata, F. Kimura, T. Tomiyama, J. W. Sutherland, S. Kara, C. Hermann, and J. R. Duflow, “Toward integrated product and process life cycle planning – an environmental perspective,” CIRP Annals – Manufacturing Technology, Vol.61, No.2, pp. 681-702, 2012.
  31. [31] J. R. Duflou, G. Seliger, S. Kara, Y. Umeda, A. Ometto, and B. Willems, “Efficiency and Feasibility of Product Disassembly: A Case-based Study,” CIRP Annals – Manufacturing Technology, Vol.57, No.2, pp. 583-600, 2008.
  32. [32] International energy agency, (2014), “IEA Sankey diagram,
    http://www.iea.org/Sankey/ [accessed on August 10, 2014].

*This site is desgined based on HTML5 and CSS3 for modern browsers, e.g. Chrome, Firefox, Safari, Edge, IE9,10,11, Opera.

Last updated on Nov. 19, 2019