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JRM Vol.34 No.4 pp. 700-709
doi: 10.20965/jrm.2022.p0700
(2022)

Review:

Motor Cortex Plasticity During Functional Recovery Following Brain Damage

Noriyuki Higo

Human Informatics and Interaction Research Institute, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST)
1-1-1 Umezono, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8568, Japan

Received:
December 21, 2021
Accepted:
February 14, 2022
Published:
August 20, 2022
Keywords:
brain damage, functional recovery, motor cortex, plasticity, rehabilitation
Abstract
Motor Cortex Plasticity During Functional Recovery Following Brain Damage

Activation changes during motor recovery from stroke

Although brain damage causes functional impairment, it is often followed by partial or total recovery of function. Recovery is believed to occur primarily because of brain plasticity. Both human and animal studies have significantly contributed to uncovering the neuronal basis of plasticity. Recent advances in brain imaging technology have enabled the investigation of plastic changes in living human brains. In addition, animal experiments have revealed detailed changes at the neural and genetic levels. In this review, plasticity in motor-related areas of the cerebral cortex, which is one of the most well-studied areas of the neocortex in terms of plasticity, is reviewed. In addition, the potential of technological interventions to enhance plasticity and promote functional recovery following brain damage is discussed. Novel neurorehabilitation technologies are expected to be established based on the emerging research on plasticity from the last several decades.

Cite this article as:
N. Higo, “Motor Cortex Plasticity During Functional Recovery Following Brain Damage,” J. Robot. Mechatron., Vol.34, No.4, pp. 700-709, 2022.
Data files:
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