Percussive Rock Surface Remover Driven by Solenoid with Planer Motion for Lunar Exploration
Katsushi Furutani and Hisashi Kamiishi
Toyota Technological Institute
12-1 Hisakata 2-chome, Tempaku-ku, Nagoya 468-8511, Japan
This paper deals with a percussive rock surface crusher driven with a solenoid to smoothen the sample surface by a 2-axis planar motion. The weathered rock surface should be removed and smoothened before analyzing its structure and composition precisely. The solenoid, which generates a large vibration amplitude and a large impulsive force, was used to vibrate a tool bit with engineered 1-mm pyramids made of tungsten carbide. The tool bit was fixed parallel to the feed direction or with a skew. A rock sample was moved by a stage with movable ranges for the machining of 10 mm and 20 mm in the x– and y-directions, respectively. The sample paths were randomly generated in 1 or 2 directions. In the comparisons of the surface roughness, the 2-axis motion and tool skew not only allowed isotropic and small roughness but also the removal of more amount due to the removed debris. The roughness reached several tens of micrometers without a certain special frequency component. This level allows for component analysis by X-ray fluorescence or laser-induced breakdown spectrometer.
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