Traversability-Based RRT* for Planetary Rover Path Planning in Rough Terrain with LIDAR Point Cloud Data
Reiya Takemura and Genya Ishigami
School of Integrated Design Engineering, Keio University
3-14-1 Hiyoshi, Kohoku-ku, Yokohama, Kanagawa 223-8522, Japan
Sampling-based search algorithms such as Rapidly-Exploring Random Trees (RRT) have been utilized for mobile robot path planning and motion planning in high dimensional continuous spaces. This paper presents a path planning method for a planetary exploration rover in rough terrain. The proposed method exploits the framework of a sampling-based search, the optimal RRT (RRT*) algorithm. The terrain geometry used for planning is composed of point cloud data close to continuous space captured by a light detection and ranging (LIDAR) sensor. During the path planning phase, the proposed RRT* algorithm directly samples a point (node) from the LIDAR point cloud data. The path planner then considers the rough terrain traversability of the rover during the tree expansion process of RRT*. This process improves conventional RRT* in that the generated path is safe and feasible for the rover in rough terrain. In this paper, simulation study on the proposed path planning algorithm in various real terrain data confirms its usefulness.
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