Special Issue on Construction and Built Environment
Thomas Bock and Tetsuji Yoshida
This issue gives an overview on the state of art ofrobotic technologies in construction. The introductoryarticle also relates the construction robotics developmentto the industrial robotics technology in the prefabricationsector of the 1970s, gives examples of various constructionrobotics developments of the 1980s, the integratedautomated building construction sites since the 1990s, andthe humanoid construction robotics developments and integratedindustrialization efforts of recent date. Roboticsubtechnologies such as programming, sensors, kinematics,teleoperation, navigation, human-robot interaction arepresented to the reader. During the last years much efforthas been devoted to the application of robots and roboticstechnology in construction works. Most of them are forout-door application, where the tasks are developed incomplex unstructured environments and under hazardousconditions. The construction robots introduced during thelast years have dramatically improved labor conditions,productivity and quality levels, and also have increasedthe safety conditions for operators. The nowadays constructionrobotics technology tries to take advantage ofthe last developments for control, navigation, localization,human-machine interface or sensor use. Howeverrobotics in construction is still a very challenging topic inorder to clarify many unsolved R&D issues.
The purpose of this special issue is to provide a reviewof open issues and new developments in robotics inconstruction, ranging from major construction engineeringprojects to residential building construction:
- • Robotics for building construction.
- • Robotics for civil engineering: roads, bridges, earthmoving, etc.
- • Inspection, maintenance and infrastructures robots.
- • Navigation, mapping and localization of robots inconstruction environments.
- • Technology components for construction robots: 3Dsensors, end-effectors, HMI, control strategies, cooperation,safety, etc.
This article is published under a Creative Commons Attribution-NoDerivatives 4.0 Internationa License.