Basic Study for New Assistive Technology Based on Brain Activity During Car Driving
Shunji Shimizu*1, Hiroaki Inoue*1, Hiroyuki Nara*2,
Takeshi Tsuruga*3, Fumikazu Miwakeichi*4, Nobuhide Hirai*5,
Senichiro Kikuchi*5, Eiju Watanabe*6, and Satoshi Kato*5
*1Reserch Course of Engineering/Management, Tokyo University of Science, Suwa, 5000-1 Toyohira, Chino, Nagano 371-0292, Japan
*2Graduate School of Information Science and Technology, Hokkaido University, Kita 14, Nishi 9, Kita-ku, Sapporo, Hokkaido 060-0814, Japan
*3Department of Clinical and Rehabilitation Engineering, Hokkaido Institute of Technology, 4-1 Maeda 7-jo 15-chome, Teine-ku, Sapporo-city, Hokkaido 006-8585, Japan
*4Spatial and Time Series Modeling Group, The Institute of Statical Mathematic, 10-3 Midori-cho, Tachikawa, Tokyo 190-8562, Japan
*5Department of Psychiatry, Jichi Medical University, 3311-1 Yakushiji, Shimotsuke, Tochigi 329-0498, Japan
*6Department of Neurosurgery, Jichi Medical University, 3311-1 Yakushiji, Shimotsuke, Tochigi 329-0498, Japan
The purpose of this research is develop assistive robots and apparatuses. There is a pressing need to develop new systems that assist and act for car driving and wheelchairs for the elderly as the population ages. In developing systems, it is thought to be important to examine behaviors spatial recognition. Experiments have therefore been performed to examine human spatial perceptions, especially left- and rightside visual recognition, while cars being driven using near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS). Previous research found significant differences in the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex in the left cranial hemisphere during virtual driving and actual driving tasks. This paper discusses the measurement of brain activity during car driving. A detailed analysis was performed by segmentalizing brain activity during driving based on the motion of subjects, and we report on the relationship between brain activity and movement perception during driving.
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