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JRM Vol.26 No.1 pp. 9-14
doi: 10.20965/jrm.2014.p0009
(2014)

Review:

Parallel Bicycles and Their Applications

Maria Q. Feng*, Takashi Kawamura**, and Takayuki Tanaka***

*Columbia University in the City of New York, 500 West 120th Street, New York, NY 10027, USA

**Shinshu University, 3-15-1 Tokida, Ueda, Nagano 386-8567, Japan

***Hokkaido University, Kita 14, Nishi 9, Kita-ku, Sapporo, Hokkaido 060-0814, Japan

Received:
January 6, 2014
Accepted:
January 10, 2014
Published:
February 20, 2014
Keywords:
parallel bicycle robot, posture restoration control, dynamic drive control, personal vehicle
Abstract

This paper describes the successful research and development (R&D) of parallel bicycles (PB robots) including six prototypes created by the authors and their applications to personal vehicles. The first, developed in 1986, consists of a pair of coaxial wheels and an inverted pendulum on the wheel axis. Since then, the authors have carried out fundamental and practical studies on static/dynamic posture stabilization control, dynamic movement, and slope and stair ascent/descent. The PB robot control mechanism has recently been applied to educational robots, mobile humanoid robots, and personal vehicles. This paper also discusses personal vehicles commercialized as an application of the PB robots.

Cite this article as:
M. Feng, T. Kawamura, and T. Tanaka, “Parallel Bicycles and Their Applications,” J. Robot. Mechatron., Vol.26, No.1, pp. 9-14, 2014.
Data files:
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Last updated on Nov. 20, 2018