single-rb.php

JRM Vol.21 No.6 pp. 773-779
doi: 10.20965/jrm.2009.p0773
(2009)

Paper:

Interpretation of Cross-Traffic Accidents and Playing Catch Based on Newly Found Visual Perception Characteristics

Qin Wang, Lei Wang, and Masanori Idesawa

Graduate school of Information Systems, University of Electro-Communications 1-5-1 Chofugaoka, Chofu-shi, Tokyo 182-8585, Japan

Received:
May 31, 2009
Accepted:
November 2, 2009
Published:
December 20, 2009
Keywords:
visibility of approaching object, periphery visual field, binocular viewing, cross-traffic accident, playing catch
Abstract

A driver trying to avoid a cross-traffic accident in an unobstructed intersection faces the same problem as a catcher trying to catch a ball thrown along a trajectory approaching the catcher directly between the eyes – how to avoid a car in the one case and how to catch the ball in the other. Interpreting this problem based on new visual perceptual properties of the approaching object we found and reported in previous work, we found that the ability of the observer to perceive such approaching objects was dramatically poorer than in other cases, and that visual perception improved just as dramatically when the viewed object was occluded from the sight in one eye or impinged upon the physiological “blind” spot – or punctum caecum in medical terminology. This visibility increased in both cases – a mechanism we explain clearly and convincingly based on our work.

Cite this article as:
Qin Wang, Lei Wang, and Masanori Idesawa, “Interpretation of Cross-Traffic Accidents and Playing Catch Based on Newly Found Visual Perception Characteristics,” J. Robot. Mechatron., Vol.21, No.6, pp. 773-779, 2009.
Data files:
References
  1. [1] L. Wang, M. Idesawa, and Qin Wang, “A Study on Approaching Motion Perception in Periphery with Binocular Viewing-Visibility is increased in the absence of one eye’s information-,” Optical review, Vol.16, No.4, pp. 409-412, 2009.
  2. [2] L. Wang, M. Idesawa, and Qin Wang, “A Study on Approaching Motion Perception in Periphery with Binocular Viewing,” Proc. of Int. Conf. of Instrumentation, Control and Information Technology (SICE Annual Conf. 2008), pp. 196-199, 2008.
  3. [3] S. K. Rushton and P. A. Duke, “The use of direction and distance information in the perception of approach trajectory,” Vision Research, Vol.47, pp. 899-912, 2007.
  4. [4] E. Poljac, B. Neggers, and A. V. van den Berg, “Collision judgment of objects approaching the head,” Experimental Brain Research, 171, pp. 35-46, 2006.
  5. [5] C. F Lewis and M. K. McBeath, “Bias to experience approaching motion in a three-dimensional virtual environment,” Perception, Vol.33, pp. 259-276, 2004.
  6. [6] A. F. Sanders, “Some Aspects of the Selective Process in the Functional Visual Field,” Ergonomics, Vol.13, 1, pp. 101-117, 1970.
  7. [7] S. Shioiri, H. Saiho, and H. Yaguchi, “Motion in depth based on inter-ocular velocity differences,” Vision Research, Vol.40, pp. 2565-2572, 2000.
  8. [8] K. R. Brooks, “Interocular velocity difference contributes to stereomotion speed perception,” J. of Vision, Vol.2, pp. 218-231, 2002.
  9. [9] K. R. Brooks and S. Leland “Stone. Stereomotion speed perception: Contributions from both changing disparity and interocular velocity difference over a range of relative disparities,” J. of Vision, Vol.4, pp. 1061-1079, 2004.
  10. [10] B. G. Cumming and A. J. Parker, “Binocular mechanisms for detecting motion-in-depth,” Vision Research, Vol.34, pp. 483-495, 1994.
  11. [11]C. W. Tyler, “Stereoscopic depth movement: Two eyes less sensitive than one,” Science, Vol.174(12), pp. 958-961, 1971.
  12. [12] R. Gray and D. M. Regan, “Unconfounding the direction of motion in depth, time to passage and rotation rate of an approaching object,” Vision Research, Vol.46, pp.2388-2402, 2006.
  13. [13] N. Tsuru, K. Isaji, H. Kaneko, and S. Doi, “Analysis of Visual Cognitive Functions while Driving and an Approach to Driver Modeling,” J. of Society of Instrument and Control Engineers, Vol.45, No.8, pp. 677-681, 2006 (in Japanese).
  14. [14]N. Uchida and T. Katayama, “Peripheral Visual Functions and Cross Traffic Intersection Accidents,” Japanese psychological review, 44(1), pp. 37-46, 2001 (in Japanese).
  15. [15] F. Kunio, U. Nobuyuki, F. Kazuo, and K. Tsuyosi, “An Analysis of Accidents at Intersections with Good Visibility,” JSME annual meeting, (2), pp. 299-300, 2000 (in Japanese).
  16. [16]K. Fukuyama, M. Nobuta, N. Uchida, and K. Fujita, “A Method for Traffic Accident Prevention at an Intersection with Good Visibility (Effects of Potted Trees),” JSME annual meeting, (7), pp. 343-344, 2003 (in Japanese).

*This site is desgined based on HTML5 and CSS3 for modern browsers, e.g. Chrome, Firefox, Safari, Edge, Opera.

Last updated on Mar. 05, 2021