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JRM Vol.20 No.5 pp. 739-749
doi: 10.20965/jrm.2008.p0739
(2008)

Paper:

Emulation of Human Walking by Biped Humanoid Robot with Heel-Contact and Toe-Off Motion

Hideki Kondo*, Yu Ogura*, Kazushi Shimomura*,
Shimpei Momoki*, Tatsu Okubo*, Hun-Ok Lim**,
and Atsuo Takanishi***

*Graduate School of Advanced Science and Engineering, Waseda University, 17 Kikui-cho, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 162-0044, Japan

**Department of Mechanical Engineering, Kanagawa University, 3-27-1 Rokkakubashi, Kanagawa-ku, Yokohama 221-8686, Japan

***Department of Modern Mechanical Engineering, Waseda University, 2-2 Wakamatsu-cho, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 162-8480, Japan

Received:
February 19, 2008
Accepted:
July 18, 2008
Published:
October 20, 2008
Keywords:
biped humanoid robot, human motion simulator, pattern generation, heel-contact and toe-off motion, passive toe joint
Abstract

The foot mechanism and pattern generation we propose for a biped humanoid robot achieves human-like heel-contact toe-off walking. Placing its heel and toes simultaneously on the ground while walking makes it difficult for a robot to take long strides and mimic human gaits. To solve this problem, we developed a biped foot with one passive toe joint based on human gaits analyzed by motion capture and propose pattern generation for human-like walking based on the zero moment point (ZMP) criterion. Using a genetic algorithm, we optimize walking parameters to generate continuous, smooth foot trajectories. Results of experiments in heel-contact toe-off walking in ground reaction force (GRF) using the biped humanoid robot WABIAN-2 demonstrated the similarity between proposed and human walking.

Cite this article as:
Hideki Kondo, Yu Ogura, Kazushi Shimomura,
Shimpei Momoki, Tatsu Okubo, Hun-Ok Lim, and
and Atsuo Takanishi, “Emulation of Human Walking by Biped Humanoid Robot with Heel-Contact and Toe-Off Motion,” J. Robot. Mechatron., Vol.20, No.5, pp. 739-749, 2008.
Data files:
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