Development of a Face Robot Imitating Human Muscle Structures
Minoru Hashimoto*, Chisaki Yokogawa**,
Tsugutake Sadoyama***, and Toru Sugahara***
*Interdisciplinary Graduate School of Science and Technology, ,Shinshu University, Nagano, Japan
**Kissei Comtec Co., Ltd., Nagano, Japan
***Department of Kansei Engineering, Shinshu University, Nagano, Japan
When robots communicate with users, facial expressions play an important role. This paper explains the design and prototyping of robot facial expressions imitating human muscle structures i.e., skin, muscle, and frame. Facial expressions are generated by robot muscle constructions. The robot muscle consists of a motor, wires, and urethane sponge. Human muscle activities are measured and the robot muscles are controlled using values of muscle activity to make natural facial expressions natural.
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Copyright© 2007 by Fuji Technology Press Ltd. and Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers. All right reserved.