Variable-Structure Disturbance Observer for Decoupling Control of Robot Manipulators
Yasuaki Kuroe* and Hsin-Nan Lin**
* Department of Electronics and Information Science, Kyoto Institute of Technology, Matsugasaki, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto, 606 Japan
** Graduate School of Science and Technology, Kobe University, Rokkodai, Nada-ku, Kobe, 657 Japan
In recent years, disturbance observers have been used extensively for decoupling control of robot manipulators. But the conventional disturbance observers are sometimes useless for decoupling control because they are usually constructed under the assumption that the disturbance is constant during the sampling period. Therefore the trade-off between decay rate of the estimation error and the sensitivity to sensor noise becomes inevitable problem. In this paper we propose a variable-structure disturbance observer for decoupling and linearizing control of robot manipulators. The proposed observer can treat a general class of disturbances and overcome the problems of the conventional disturbance observers, that is, sensitiveness to sensor noise and delay of convergence. A method for decoupling control of robot manipulators by applying the proposed observer is also discussed. The proposed control method is implemented into an experimental 3-degree-of-freedom DD robot. It is shown through experimental results that the proposed method can realize decoupling control for robot manipulators more precisely and robustly.