2011 Thailand Flood
Department of Civil Technology Education, Faculty of Industrial Education and Technology, King Mongkut’s University of Technology Thonburi, 126 Pracha Uthit Rd., Bang Mod, Thung Khru, Bangkok 10140, Thailand
In 2011, the Thai economy contracted by 9.0 percent, mainly due to severe flooding in Chao Phraya River Basin. Rainfall accumulated from January to October 2011 was approximately 35% higher than in average years. Overall damage from floods amounted to THB 1.44 trillion, making it the world’s fourth costliest disaster. Significant damage included the production chains of the manufacturing sector and logistics systems and reductions in household expenditures, investment, Thailand’s exports, and the number of foreign turists.
-  Bank of Thailand, “Thailand Floods 2011: Impact and recovery from business survey,” January, 2012.
-  The Ministry of Finance, Royal Thai Government and The World Bank, “Thailand Flooding 2554: Rapid assessment for resilient recovery and reconstruction planning,” January, 2012.