Japan-Egypt Hydro Network: Science and Technology Collaborative Research for Flash Flood Management
Tetsuya Sumi*, Mohamed Saber**, and Sameh Ahmad Kantoush***
*Disaster Prevention Research Institute, Kyoto University, Gokasho, Uji-Shi, Kyoto 611-0011, Japan
**Geology Department, Faculty of Science, Assiut University, Assiut 71516, Egypt
***Civil Engineering Department, German University in Cairo (GUC), New Cairo City – Main Entrance of Al Tagamoa Al Khames, Egypt
The present paper outlines the development of a shared hydraulic and hydrology-based network between Kyoto University and three institutional research units in Egypt that seeks to bridge the gap in research, education and practice. This network base was developed the contextualized problems facing the water resources sector in Egypt. Although Sinai Peninsula, Egypt, suffers from severe water shortages, flash floods are responsible for the loss of lives and other problems. One of the JE-HydroNet (Japan-Egypt Hydro Network) outcomes is to forecast flash floods and to propose mitigation strategies in order to reduce the threat of flash floods and water harvesting. An integration of remote sensing data and a distributed Hydrological model so-called Hydro-BEAM (Hydrological River Basin Environmental AssessmentModel) has been proposed for flash flood simulation at Wadi-El-Arish, Sinai. Simulation has been successfully carried out to flash flood event that hit Egypt in January, 2010. Simulation results present remarkable characteristics such as the short time to maximum peak, short flow duration, and severe damage resulting in difficulty in evacuating people from the vulnerable regions. The methodology developed to forecast flash floods considering mitigation strategies which can be applied effectively at different arid regions.
-  J. Cools, P. Vanderkimpen, G. El Afandi, A. Abdelkhalek, S. Fockedey, M. El Sammany, G. Abdallah, M. El Bihery, W. Bauwens and M. Huygens, “An early warning system for flash floods in hyper-arid Egypt,” Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., Vol.12, pp. 443-457, 2012.
-  H. Gheith and M. Sultan, “Construction of a hydrologic model for estimating Wadi runoff and groundwater recharge in the Eastern Desert,” Egypt, J. of Hydrology, Vol.263, pp. 36-55, 2002.
-  J. D.Michaud and S. Sorooshian, “Effect of rainfall-sampling errors on simulations of desert flash floods,” Water Ressour. Res., Vol.30, pp. 2765-2775, 1994.
-  M. Sangati, M. Borga, D. Rabuffetti, and R. Bechini, “Influence of rainfall and soil properties spatial aggregation on extreme flash flood response modelling: an evaluation based on the Sesia river basin, North Western Italy,” Adv. Water Resour., Vol.32, No.7, pp. 1090-1106, 2009.
-  L. Bonnifait, G. Delrieu, M. Le Lay, B. Boudevillain, A. Masson, P. Belleudy, E. Gaume, and G. M. Saulnier, “Distributed hydrologic and hydraulic modelling with radar rainfall input: reconstruction of the 8-9 September 2002 catastrophic flood event in the Gard region, France,” Adv. Water Resour., Vol.32, No.7, pp. 1077-1089, 2009.
-  G. Bloschl, C. Reszler, and J. Komma, “A spatially distributed flash flood forecasting model,” Environ. Modell. & Softw., Vol.23, pp. 464-478, 2008.
-  S. Reed, J. Schaake, and Z. Zhang, “A distributed hydrologic model and threshold frequency-based method for flash flood forecasting at ungauged locations,” J. of Hydrology, Vol.337, Nos.3-4, pp. 402-420, 2007.
-  P. Bohorquez and S. E. Darby, “The use of one- and twodimensional hydraulic modelling to reconstruct a glacial outburst flood in a steep Alpine valley,” J. of Hydrology, Vol.361, Nos.3-4, pp. 240-261, 2008.
-  T. Kojiri, Y. Kinai, and J. H. Park, “Integrated river basin environment assessment on water quantity and quality by considering utilization processes,” In: Proceedings of the International Conference onWater Resources and Environment Research, pp. 397-401, 2002.
-  T. Kojiri, A. Tokai, and Y. Kinai, “Assessment of river basin environment through simulation with water quality and quantity,” Annuals of DPRI, Kyoto Univ., Vol.41, pp. 119-134, 1998 (in Japanese).
-  M. Saber, T. Hamagutchi, T. Kojiri, and K. Tanaka, “Hydrological modeling of distributed runoff throughout comparative study between some Arabian wadi basins,” Annual J. of Hydraulic Eng., JSCE, Vol.54, pp. 85-90, 2010.
-  M. Saber, “Hydrological approaches of Wadi system considering flash floods in arid regions,” Ph.D. thesis, Kyoto University, 2010.
-  GSMaP, http://sharaku.eorc.jaxa.jp/GSMaP crest/ [accessed October 10, 2012]
-  GPCC, http://gpcc.dwd.de [accessed October 10, 2012]
-  Soil Conservation Service (SCS), “National Engineering Handbook, section 4: hydrology,” US Dept. of Agriculture, SCS, Engineering Division, Washington, DC., 1985.
-  M. O.Walters, “Transmission losses in arid region,” J. of Hydraulic Engineering, Vol.116, No.1, pp. 127-138, 1990.
-  S. H. Shawki, “Impact of flash floods on the hydrogeological aquifer system at delta Wadi El-Arish, Sinai,” 5th Int. Water tech. conf., IWTC-15, Alex., Egypt, 2011.
This article is published under a Creative Commons Attribution-NoDerivatives 4.0 Internationa License.