A Research of the Elevator Evacuation Performance and Strategies for Taipei 101 Financial Center
Shen-Wen Chien* and Wei-Jou Wen**
*Fire Science Institute, Central Police University, Kueishan Hsiang, Taoyuan County 33304, Taiwan
**National Fire Agency, Ministry of The Interior, Xindian District, New Taipei City 23143, Taiwan
Issues revolving around the use of elevator evacuation in highrise buildings for emergencies (both firerelated and nonfire-related) have long been under debate. This research investigates the performance of using elevator evacuation in Taipei 101, the second tallest building in the world. Taipei 101 Financial Centre (the main building) is used mainly for office occupancy and contains a total of 61 elevators. The analysis for this study was carried out using simulation results from building EXODUS and FDS. The results show that using elevators as a method of evacuation can help shorten up the time in a nonfire-related emergency, but in the case of fire events, elevator evacuation is less effective due to the nature of the structural layout, reliability of electric power and other factors. The results for nonfire-related evacuation time found in this study correspond to some literature on elevator evacuations from abroad.
-  W. S. David, “Literature Review on Enclosure of Elevator Lobbies,” NISTIR 6973, 2003.
-  J. H. Klote, B. M. Levin, and N. E. Groner, “Emergency Elevator Evacuation Systems,” Proceedings of the Symposium on Elevators, Fire, and Accessibility, Baltimore, MD, April 19-21, 1995, American Society of Mechanical Engineers, New York, NY, 1995.
-  FEMA 403, “World Trade Center Building Performance Study-Data Collection, Preliminary Observations, and Recommendations,” 2002.
-  J. H. Klote, M. A. Daniel, M. L. Bernard, and E. G. Norman, “Feasibility and Design Considerations of Emergency Evacuation by Elevators,” NIST, 1992.
-  Tower Management Department of Taipei 101 Financial Center, 2004.
-  K.-H. Hsiung, S.-W. Chien, C.-H. Tseng, and P.-T. Huang, “A Study on High Rise Building Fire Evacuation Strategies for Taipei 101 Financial Center,” 4th International Symposium on Human Behavior in Fire, Robinson College, Cambridge UK, pp. 51-60, 3-15 July 2009.
-  K.-H. Hsiung,W.-J. Wen, S.-W. Chien, B.-J. Shih, andW.-H. Hsiao, “A Research of the Elevator Evacuation Performance for Taipei 101 Financial Center,” 6th International Conference on Performance-Based Codes and Fire Safety Design Methods, The International Conference Hall of Waseda University Tokyo, Japan, pp. 213-225, 14-16 June 2006.
-  M. Martin, “Challenges to Using Elevators in a Fire,” Workshop on the Use of Elevators in Fires and Other Emergencies, Atlanta, Georgia, 2003.
-  Building EXODUS V4.0 USER GUIDE AND TECHNICAL MANUAL, 2004.
-  J. H. Klote and D. M. Alvord, “A-Method For Calculation of Elevator Evacuation Time,” NIST, 1993.
-  G. Proulx, N. Bénichou, J. K. Hum, and K. N. Restivo, “Evaluation of the Effectiveness of Different Photoluminescent Stairwell Installations for the Evacuation of Office Building Occupants,” IRC- RR-232, July 2007.
-  R. F. Fahy and G. Proulx, “Analysis of Published Accounts of the World Trade Center Evacuation,” NIST NCRTAR 1-7A, Federal Building and Fire Safety Investigation of the World Trade Center Disaster, 2005.
-  R. F. Fahy and G. Proulx, “A Comparison of the 1993 and 2001 evacuations of theWorld Trade Center,” Proceedings- Fire Risk and Hazard Assessment Symposium, Baltimore, ND., July 24, 2004.
-  G. Proulx, “Evacuation by Elevators: Who Goes First,” Workshop on the Use of Elevators in Fires and Other Emergencies, 2003, Atlanta, Georgia, p. 1.