Logic of and Systems for Volunteer Disaster Relief Activities in Japan: Current Situations and Challenges 15 Years After the 1995 Great Hanshin-Awaji Earthquake
Faculty of Safety Science, Kansai University, 7-1 Hakubai-cho, Takatsuki, Osaka 569-1098, Japan
“Disaster relief volunteer centers” have been established in areas hit by great disasters since the Great Hanshin-Awaji Earthquake in 1995, the year referred to as Volunteer Year One, and a number of citizens have participated as volunteers in various rescue, restoration, and reconstruction support activities for extended periods. This study reviews how the disaster relief volunteer activities were established and developed, and what functions they have performed in the 15 years since Volunteers Year One, viewed from the aspects of the logic of individual activities and activity systems in which a number of citizens participate.
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