Wave Impact Study on a Residential Building
John W. van de Lindt*, Rakesh Gupta**, Daniel T. Cox***, and Jebediah S. Wilson**
*Civil Engineering Department, Colorado State University Fort Collins, Colorado 80523-1372, USA
**Department of Wood Science and Engineering, Oregon State University 114 Richardson Hall, Corvallis, OR 97331, USA
***School of Civil and Construction Engineering, Oregon State University 220 Owen Hall, Corvallis, OR 97331, USA
Recent natural disasters around the world including both tsunamis and hurricanes, have highlighted the inability of wood buildings to withstand wave and surge loading during these extreme events. Little is known about the interaction between coastal residential light-frame wood buildings and wave and surge loading because often little is left of the buildings. This leaves minimal opportunity for forensic investigations. This paper summarizes the results of a study whose objective was to begin to better understand the interaction between North American style residential structures and wave loading. To do this, one-sixth scale residential building models typical of North American coastal construction, were subjected to tsunami wave bores generated from waves of heights varying from 10 cm to 60 cm. The lateral force produced by the wave bores were, as expected, found to vary nonlinearly with parent wave height.
-  United States Geological Survey (USGS), 2007, www.usugs.gov (accessed Jan 15, 2009).
-  Tsunami Pilot Study Working Group, “Seaside, Oregon Tsunami Pilot Study — Modernization of FEMA Flood Hazard Maps,” Open-File Report 2006-1234. US Department of the Interior, US Geological Survey, 2006.
-  C. G. Groat, “Statement of C.G. Groat, Director USGS, before the Committee on Science,” US House of Representatives, January, 26, 2005.
-  AP, “Northwest officials say agency shorting tsunami protection,” Associated Press, released 2/26/2008, 12:35 a.m. PST.
-  American Forest and Paper Association (AFPA), “Guide to Wood Construction in High Wind Areas for One- and Two-Family Dwellings — 130 mph Exposure B Wind Zone,” Washington, D.C. 2006.
-  J. Wilson, “Behavior of a 1/6th Scale, Two-Story, Wood-framed Residential Structure Under Surge Wave Loading,” Master’s thesis, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR, 2008.
-  R. Garcia, “Wave and Surge Loading On Light-Frame Wood Structures,” Master’s thesis, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO., 2008.
-  ASCE, “Minimum design loads for buildings and other structures,” ASCE 7-05, Reston, VA, 2005.
-  J. van de Lindt, R. Gupta, R. Garcia, and J. Wilson, “Tsunami bore forces on a compliant residential building model,” Engineering Structures, Vol.31, pp. 2534-2539, 2009.
-  J. Wilson, R. Gupta, J. van de Lindt, M. Clauson, and R. Garcia, “Behavior of a One-Sixth Scale Wood-Framed Residential Structure under Wave Loading,” J. of Performance of Constructed Facilities, Vol.23, No.5, pp. 336-345, 2009.