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JDR Vol.4 No.6 pp. 404-409
(2009)
doi: 10.20965/jdr.2009.p0404

Paper:

Estimation of Tsunami Force Acting on Rectangular Structures

Koji Fujima*, Fauzie Achmad*, Yoshinori Shigihara*, and Norimi Mizutani**

*Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, National Defense Academy, 1-10-20 Hashirimizu, Yokosuka, Kanagawa 239-8686, Japan

**Department of Civil Engineering, Nagoya University, Furo-Cho, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya 464-8603, Japan

Received:
June 23, 2009
Accepted:
August 31, 2009
Published:
December 1, 2009
Keywords:
tsunami force, design formula, wave pressure, drag coefficient
Abstract

Hydraulic experiments were conducted to estimate tsunami wave force acting on rectangular onshore structures. Used building models placed at several distances from a shoreline. Wave pressure was measured at points on exposed structures. Impact and standing-wave pressure at different points peaked at different moments in time, so tsunami force tended to be overestimated by integrating maximum wave-pressure distribution envelope. Measured total force was thus used to formulate tsunami force estimation equations. Hydrostatic formula was successful for structures near a shoreline, despite large scattering for structures far from a shoreline. Hydrodynamic formula was successful in all cases, although inertia was considerable for structures near a shoreline.

Cite this article as:
K. Fujima, F. Achmad, Y. Shigihara, and N. Mizutani, “Estimation of Tsunami Force Acting on Rectangular Structures,” J. Disaster Res., Vol.4, No.6, pp. 404-409, 2009.
Data files:
References
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Last updated on Jan. 21, 2019