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JDR Vol.4 No.3 pp. 261-269
(2009)
doi: 10.20965/jdr.2009.p0261

Paper:

Building Passive Control in Japan

Kazuhiko Kasai1, Masayoshi Nakai2, Yutaka Nakamura3, Hidekatsu Asai4, Yousuke Suzuki5, and Masato Ishii6

1Professor, Structural Engineering Research Center, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Japan

2General Manager, Advanced Structural Engineering Department, Takenaka Corporation, Japan

3Chief Research Engineer, Institute of Technology, Shimizu Corporation

4Deputy Manager, Technical Research Institute, Obayashi Corporation

5Chief, Advanced Structural Engineering Department, Takenaka Corporation, Japan

6Senior Engineer, Structural Engineering Department, Nikken Sekkei Ltd., Japan

Received:
June 8, 2009
Accepted:
June 12, 2009
Published:
June 1, 2009
Keywords:
passive control, JSSI Passive Control Manual, Building Standard Law, shear beam model, damage-free structure design, super high strength steel
Abstract

This paper discusses the following three key issues on passive control using dampers for seismic protection of buildings:
1 Major experimental research on passive control of buildings: Tests using the world’s largest shaking table “E-Defense” from March to April 2009 evaluated a full-scale 5-story steel building with and without dampers. 2 Codes and specifications: The Japanese building code requires that the nonlinear time history analysis be performed for buildings with dampers or that energy-based analysis be conducted when steel dampers are used. Unlike code rules leading to iterative design, the specifications of the Japan Society of Seismic Isolation (JSSI) give direct design method (DDM) for target performance set by designers. 3 Damage-free structure and its design: Backed by government support, a large team of researchers and designers has developed a structure damage-free against a catastrophic earthquake, using dampers and super-high-strength steel frames. The structure and its design rule using DDM are being studied for inclusion in projected code.

Cite this article as:
K. Kasai, M. Nakai, Y. Nakamura, H. Asai, Y. Suzuki, and M. Ishii, “Building Passive Control in Japan,” J. Disaster Res., Vol.4, No.3, pp. 261-269, 2009.
Data files:
References
  1. [1] K. Kasai, Y. Fu, and A. Watanabe, “Passive Control Systems for Seismic Damage Mitigation,” Journal of Structural Engineering, American Society of Civil Engineers, Vol.124, No.5, pp. 501-512, 1998.
  2. [2] JSSI Manual, “Design and Construction Manual for Passively Controlled Buildings,” Japan Society of Seismic Isolation, Tokyo, Japan, 1st Ed. 405 pages, 2nd Ed. 515 pages, 2nd Ed.& 2nd Print 509 pages, 2003, 2005, 2007 (in Japanese).
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