Nishinomiya Built Environment Database and its Findings
Kei Horie*, Norio Maki**, and Haruo Hayashi**
*InterRisk Research Institute and Consulting, Inc., 3-11 Kanda Surugadai, Chiyoda-Ku, Tokyo 101-0062, Japan **Disaster Prevention Research Institute, Kyoto University, Gokasho, Uji, Kyoto 611-0011, Japan
We introduce the Nishinomiya Built Environment Database (NBED), which archives digital data on the disaster process from immediately after earthquake through recovery following the 1995 Hanshin-Awaji Earthquake Disaster. Using this database, we discuss findings obtained from analysis of the disaster process: (1) effectiveness of the Building Standard Law, (2) comparison of building damage assessment results, (3) the relationship between fatalities and building collapse, (4) collapse factors among wooden houses, and (5) monument construction process as an index of community recovery. We also demonstrate two applications – (1) the support tool for seismic risk assessment and (2) the training system for building damage assessment for issuing victim certificates. The NBED exhibits that it enables to use to simulate earthquake disaster and social reactions by those responding to disaster in local government and it contributes to establish countermeasures for disaster reduction.