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JDR Vol.2 No.5 pp. 372-380
(2007)
doi: 10.20965/jdr.2007.p0372

Review:

Economic Problems During Recovery from the 1995 Great Hanshin-Awaji Earthquake

Shingo Nagamatsu

National Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Prevention (NIED), 3-1 Tennodai, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0006, Japan

Received:
July 5, 2007
Accepted:
July 20, 2007
Published:
October 1, 2007
Keywords:
economics, recovery, public policy, globalization, Great Hanshin-Awaji Earthquake
Abstract

This paper reviews academic work on local economic recovery from the 1995 Great Hanshin-Awaji Earthquake in Kobe, Japan, and notes the implications for disaster management policies in large-scale disasters. The primary conclusion is that the earthquake disaster revealed Kobe’s economic vulnerability. During recovery, the urban economy could not meet reconstruction demands, and had to compete with cities overseas, due to economic globalization. More emphasis should thus be placed on pre disaster measures that enable the local economy to maintain economic activities if disaster strikes and to have a competitive or unique economic structure that enables local economic survival despite temporary interruptions due to disasters.

Cite this article as:
Shingo Nagamatsu, “Economic Problems During Recovery from the 1995 Great Hanshin-Awaji Earthquake,” J. Disaster Res., Vol.2, No.5, pp. 372-380, 2007.
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