Review and Recommendations for Lifeline Recovery and Reconstruction
Shiro Takada* and Hirofumi Ito**
*Department of Civil Engineering, Kobe University, Rokkodai, Nada-Ku, Kobe, Hyogo 657-8501, Japan **Technology Planning Division, Policy Planning & Coordination Bureau, Public Works & Development Department, Hyogo Prefectural Government, 5-10-1 Shimoyamate St., Chuo-Ku, Kobe, Hyogo 650-8567, Japan
In the Great Hanshin Earthquake, the severing of lifelines – utilities and infrastructures systems – heavily inconvenienced victims and caused serious rifts in emergency activities and medical and firefighting operations right after the earthquake, all of which are critical to life. We review lifelines in terms of damage, recovery that took almost three months, and reconstruction taking 10 years, and recommend ordinary and emergency actions, including reinforcement of frameworks for emergencies, structural damage prediction, and the preparation of improvement guidelines.