The Great Hanshin Earthquake and Fire
National Research Institute of Fire and Disaster, Fire and Disaster Management Agency, 4-35-3 Jindaiji-Higashimachi, Chofu, Tokyo 182-0012, Japan
Hyogo Prefecture in western Japan was hit on January 17, 1995, by an epicentral earthquake measuring 7.2 on the Richter scale. The Great Hanshin Earthquake left over 6,000 people dead beneath collapsed buildings and in urban fires. We discuss the damage and nature and causes of fires to provide information that may help prevent such events in the future.