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JDR Vol.2 No.4 pp. 276-283
(2007)
doi: 10.20965/jdr.2007.p0276

Review:

Risk of Fire Spread in Densely Built Environments – A Review Emphasizing Cities in Japan –

Keisuke Himoto

Pioneering Research Unit for Next Generation, Kyoto University, Gokasho, Uji, Kyoto 611-0011, Japan

Received:
May 6, 2007
Accepted:
June 3, 2007
Published:
August 1, 2007
Keywords:
urban fire, earthquake fire, densely built environment, decrepit wooden buildings, disaster-resistant urban planning
Abstract

Japanese cities have historically experienced many urban fires and, despite measures implemented up to now, some 25,000 ha of vulnerable urban area remain at risk. In this review, we start with a history of urban fires mainly in the 20th century together with a description of the 1923 Kanto Earthquake Fire, the 1976 Sakata Fire, and the 1995 Hanshin-Awaji Earthquake. We then look at attempts in developing prediction models for urban fire spread, features of empirical models widely applied in loss estimation, and physics-based models recently developed. We also review approaches to measures against urban fire spread and a recent attempt using a GIS-based system.

Cite this article as:
Keisuke Himoto, “Risk of Fire Spread in Densely Built Environments – A Review Emphasizing Cities in Japan –,” J. Disaster Res., Vol.2, No.4, pp. 276-283, 2007.
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