Accidents at Hazardous Installations in Japan
Special Disaster Research Group, National Research Institute of Fire and Disaster
4-35-3 Jindaiji-Higashimachi, Chofu, Tokyo 182-8508, Japan
We review recent accidents at hazardous installations in Japan using reports from the Fire and Disaster Management Agency and National Research Institute of Fire and Disaster of Japan. The number of reported accidents (fires and hazardous material leakages as defined in Japan) has been increasing since 1994. Researchers have studied a variety of fires and explosions to identify their causes and improve the management of hazardous materials and installations. Attentions have been widely focused on the Refuse Derived Fuel silo explosion in August 2003 and Tomakomai tank fires in September 2003. Two accidents that were beyond the scope of fire prevention plan at that time.