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JDR Vol.2 No.3 pp. 143-152
(2007)
doi: 10.20965/jdr.2007.p0143

Review:

Urban Flooding and Measures

Keiichi Toda

Disaster Prevention Research Institute, Kyoto University, Gokasho, Uji, Kyoto 611-0011, Japan

Received:
February 28, 2007
Accepted:
April 20, 2007
Published:
June 1, 2007
Keywords:
urban flood, inundation simulation, underground space, evacuation, measures
Abstract

Urban flood disasters occur often worldwide, and Japan is no exception, as indicated by the 1999 Fukuoka flood. Urban floods result from changes in the urban environment influenced by the specific features of the city involved. We review recent urban floods, their causes and characteristics, together with the results of recent studies. Focusing on two mathematical models — the integrated urban flood model of urban river basins and the underground inundation model — we discuss their simulation results. To demonstrate the dangers of underground inundations, we introduce evacuation experiments conducted using full-scale staircase and door models. Based on these studies, we propose comprehensive measures against urban floods, including underground inundations.

Cite this article as:
Keiichi Toda, “Urban Flooding and Measures,” J. Disaster Res., Vol.2, No.3, pp. 143-152, 2007.
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