single-dr.php

JDR Vol.2 No.2 pp. 99-109
(2007)
doi: 10.20965/jdr.2007.p0099

Review:

Countermeasures Against Biological Terrorism (Bioterrorism)

Sumio Shinoda

Faculty of Science, Okayama University of Science, Ridai-cho, Okayama 700-0005, Japan

Received:
December 25, 2006
Accepted:
January 4, 2007
Published:
April 1, 2007
Keywords:
bioterrorism, bioweapon, biowarfare, biological terrorism, biological weapon
Abstract

Since the September 11, 2001 act of terrorism to the World Trade Center in New York City and subsequent acts of anthrax terrorism in the USA, public concern about bioterrorism has increased. Although the use of biological weapons in biowarfare between nations has not achieved dramatic effects, their use for terrorism is thought to be effective because it easily causes panic among the general public. Unfortunately, our understanding of and preparations to combat bioterrorism in Japan are still inadequate. The production and stockpiling of bioweapons are easier than of chemical or nuclear weapons. There are many diseases/agents utilizable as bioweapons, such as anthrax, smallpox, plague or botulism. Natural outbreaks of these diseases are rare, therefore many medical facilities and staff have no experience in handling them. The adaptation of systems against bioterrorism is a pressing need for national and local governments.

Cite this article as:
Sumio Shinoda, “Countermeasures Against Biological Terrorism (Bioterrorism),” J. Disaster Res., Vol.2, No.2, pp. 99-109, 2007.
Data files:

*This site is desgined based on HTML5 and CSS3 for modern browsers, e.g. Chrome, Firefox, Safari, Edge, Opera.

Last updated on Aug. 03, 2021