Emerging and Reemerging Infectious Diseases – Past, Present and Future
Director, Cine-Science Laboratory, Co, 3-28-6 Tokiwadai, Itabashi, Tokyo 174-0071, Japan
The global threat of new infectious diseases first became widely recognized in the 1990s. The US government published a report on emerging and reemerging infectious diseases followed by the World Health Organization (WHO), which adopted the slogan “Emerging Infectious Diseases: Global Alert, Global Response” in 1997. Typical examples of the more than 30 infectious diseases emerging since 1970s are HIV/AIDS, Vibrio cholerae O139 infection, enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli infection, severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS), and avian influenza. The New Infectious Diseases Control Law enacted in Japan in 1999 was to control these emerging infectious diseases and the already existing ones.