JACIII Vol.26 No.3 pp. 309-314
doi: 10.20965/jaciii.2022.p0309


Evaluation of Tympanic Temperature, Heart Rate Variability and Finger-Foot Reaction Using VR in the Elderly

Yutaka Yoshida*,**, Itaru Kaneko**, Junichiro Hayano***, Kiyoko Yokoyama*, and Emi Yuda**

*Graduate School of Design and Architecture, Nagoya City University
2-1-10 Kita Chikusa, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya 464-0083, Japan

**Center for Data-Driven Science and Artificial Intelligence, Tohoku University
41 Kawauchi, Aoba-ku, Sendai 980-8576, Japan

***Heart Beat Science Lab Co., Ltd.
6-6-40 Aoba Aramaki, Aoba-ku, Sendai 980-0845, Japan

July 26, 2021
February 10, 2022
May 20, 2022
virtual reality amusement park, tympanic temperature, heart rate variability, elderly

We evaluated tympanic temperatures, heart rate variability, as well as finger and foot reaction times in elderly using VR simulations of amusement park attractions. The subjects were 8 elderly people (mean age ± S.D., 75±7 year, range 61–85 year), including four females. A roller coaster, swing ride, and rotating cart were used for the amusement park attractions. Subjects were requested to wear VR headsets, rest for 3 minutes, and then were asked to run through the same virtual amusement ride 3 times in a row, which takes 3 minutes and 30 seconds. After another 3 minutes of resting, the subjects were requested to answer a simulator sickness questionnaire (SSQ). In addition, PVT and PS-PVT were performed before and after the attraction rides. Results showed that HRV were not significantly different, but time phase change of tympanic temperature showed increasing trend (P=0.095). As the results of SSQ, increasing trend of nausea was observed in roller coaster than rotating cart (P=0.097). The results of PVT and PS-PVT showed that finger reaction time was significantly faster after the swing ride (P=0.023) and foot reaction time was significantly faster after the rotating cart (P=0.034). It is considered that the tympanic temperature increases when VR sickness occurs. Work performance improved after using VR simulations of amusement park attractions. It is suggested that the moving stimulus of VR vehicles improves finger-foot reactivity and activates concentration in elderly people.

Evaluation of SSQ for VR amusement

Evaluation of SSQ for VR amusement

Cite this article as:
Y. Yoshida, I. Kaneko, J. Hayano, K. Yokoyama, and E. Yuda, “Evaluation of Tympanic Temperature, Heart Rate Variability and Finger-Foot Reaction Using VR in the Elderly,” J. Adv. Comput. Intell. Intell. Inform., Vol.26 No.3, pp. 309-314, 2022.
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