A Control System for the Ball Mill Grinding Process Based on Model Predictive Control and Equivalent-Input-Disturbance Approach
Mingxing Fang, Dezhi Zheng, Xiaoxiao Qiu, and Youwu Du
College of Physics and Electronic Information, Anhui Normal University
Wuhu Anhui 241000, China
Stable control of the ball mill grinding process is very important to reduce energy losses, enhance operation efficiency, and recover valuable minerals. In this work, a controller for the ball mill grinding process is designed using a combination of model predictive control (MPC) with the equivalent-input-disturbance (EID) approach. MPC has been researched and applied widely as one of the multi-variable control algorithms for grinding. It is used to decouple in real time. The controller design does not deal with the disturbances directly. However, strong disturbances such as those caused by ore hardness and feed particle size exist in the ball mill grinding. EID estimates the equivalent disturbance of the grinding circuit in the control input channel and integrates this disturbance directly into the control law in order to suppress disturbances promptly and effectively. This results in good disturbance suppression performance. Simulation results demonstrate that the combination of MPC with EID for controlling the ball mill grinding circuit yields better performance in terms of disturbance rejection, rapid response, and strong robustness as compared to the performance of the MPC and proportional-integral (PI) decoupling control.
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