Aligning Mental Representations
Fumiko Kano Glückstad
Department of International Business Communication, Copenhagen Business School, Dalgas Have 15, DK-2000 Frederiksberg, Denmark
This work introduces a framework that implements asymmetric communication theory proposed by Sperber and Wilson . The framework applies a generalization model known as the Bayesian model of generalization (BMG)  for aligning knowledge possessed by two communicating parties. The work focuses on the application of the BMG to publicly available datasets, the Leuven natural concept database  representing semantic structures of domain knowledge possessed by individual subjects . Results indicate that the BMG is potentially a model applicable to simulating the alignment of domain knowledge from the information receiver’s viewpoint.
-  D. Sperber and D. Wilson, “Relevance: Communication and Cognition,” Oxford: Blackwell, 1986.
-  J. B. Tenenbaum and T. L. Griffiths, “Generalization, similarity, and Bayesian inference,” in Behavioral and Brain Sciences, Vol.24, No.4, pp. 629-640, 2001.
-  S. De Deyne, S. Verheyen, E. Ameel, W. Vanpaemel, M. J. Dry, W. Voorspoels, and G. Storms, “Exemplar by feature applicability matrices and other Dutch normative data for semantic concepts,” in Behavior Research Methods, Vol.40, No.4, pp. 1030-1048, 2008.
-  T. Gruber, “Toward principles for the design of ontologies used for knowledge sharing,” in Int. J. Human-Computer Studies, Vol.43, pp. 907-928, 1992.
-  B. N. Madsen, H. E. Thomsen, and C. Vikner, “Principles of a system for terminological concept modelling,” in Proc. of the 4th Int. Conf. on Language Resources and Evaluation, ELRA, pp. 15-19, 2004.
-  C. S. Peirce, “Collected papers of Charles Sanders Peirce, I-VIII,” Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 1932-1958.
-  E. Rosch and C. B. Mervis, “Family resemblances: studies in the internal structure of categories,” in Cognitive Psychology, Vol.7, pp. 573-605, 1975.
-  G. Storms and P. De Boeck, “Formal models for intracategorical structure that can be used for data-analysis,” in K. Lamberts and D. Shanks (Eds.), Knowledge, concepts, and categories, London: UCL Press, pp. 439-459, 1997.
-  T. Declerck, H. U. Krieger, S. M. Thomas, P. Buitelaar, S. O’Riain, T. Wunner, G. Maguet, J. McCrae, D. Spohr, and E. Montiel-Ponsoda, “Ontology-based multilingual access to financial reports for sharing business knowledge across Europe,” in J. Rooz and J. Ivanyos (Eds.), Internal Financial Control Assessment Applying Multilingual Ontology Framework, Budapest: HVG Press, 2010.
-  P. Jaccard, “Distribution de la flore alpine dans le bassin des dranses et dans quelques regions voisines,” in Bulletin de la societe vaudoise des sciences naturelles, Vol.37, pp. 241-272, 1901.
-  G. L. Murphy, “The Big Book of Concepts,” Cambridge, Massachusetts: The MIT Press, 2004.
-  D. L. Medin and M. M. Schaffer, “Context Theory of Classification Learning,” in Psychological Review, Vol.85, No.3, pp. 207-238, May 1978.
-  A. Tversky, “Features of similarity,” in Psychological Review, Vol.87, No.4, pp. 327-352, 1977.
-  G. L. Murphy and P. D. Allopenna, “The Locus of Knowledge Effects in Concept Learning,” in J. of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, Vol.20, No.4, pp. 904-919, 1994.
-  A. B. Markman and E. J. Wisniewski, “Similar and Different,” in J. of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, Vol.23, No.1, pp. 54-70, 1997.
-  E. J. Wisniewski and D. L. Medin, “On the Interaction of Theory and Data in Concept Learning,” in Cognitive Science, Vol.18, pp. 221-281, 1994.
-  T. L. Spalding and G. L. Murphy, “Effects of Background Knowledge on Category Construction,” in J. of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, Vol.22, No.2, pp. 525-538, 1996.
-  M. E. Lassaline and G. L. Murphy, “Induction and Category Coherence,” in Psychonomic Bulletin and Review, Vol.3, pp. 95-99, 1996.
-  R. N. Shepard, “Towards a universal law of generalization for psychological science,” in Science, Vol.237, pp. 1317-1323, 1987.
-  N. Chomsky, “Language and Problems of Knowledge: The Managua lectures,” Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1986.
-  D. N. Osherson, E. E. Smith, O. Wilkie, A. Lopez, and E. Shafir, “Category-based induction,” in Psychological Review, Vol.97, No.2, pp. 185-200, 1990.
-  S. A. Sloman, “Feature-based induction,” in Cognitive Psychology, Vol.25, pp. 231-280, 1993.
-  C. Kemp, P. Shafto, and J. B. Tenenbaum, “An integrated account of generalization across objects and features,” in Cognitive Psychology, Vol.64, pp. 35-73, 2012.
This article is published under a Creative Commons Attribution-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.