4W1H and Particle Swarm Optimization for Human Activity Recognition
Leon Palafox and Hideki Hashimoto
Institute of Industrial Science, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8656, Japan
This paper proposes a paradigm in the forensic area for detecting and categorizing human activities. The presented approach uses five base variables, referred to as 4W1H (“Who,” “When,” “What,” “Where,” and “How”) to describe the context in an environment. The proposed system uses self-organizing maps to classify movements for the “How” variable of 4W1H, as well as particle swarm optimization clustering techniques for the grouping (clustering) of data obtained from observations. The paper describes the hardware settings required for detecting these variables and the system designed to do the sensing.
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